History of Fulton County
pub. in 1879 by C. C. Chapman
 

 

Woodland Township.


 

Wm. Aten, farmer, sec. 7: P. O., Astoria; was born in Hancock Co., Va., Oct. 8, 1821; married Elizabeth Pittinger, a daughter of John Pittinger, who settled in Va. in pioneer times; in 1844 he came from Va. to Illinois, settling in Vermont tp., where he entered a tract of land; disposing of this in 1848, he settled in Woodland tp., where he purchased his present farm of 160 acres, on which he has erected a substantial brick residence. Of their 10 children 8 are living,--Melissa, Sarah C., Emma A. (school-teacher), John P., Willie K., Henry M., Ida M. and Mary E. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Lucius Atwater, agriculturist; was born in Coshocton Co., O., in 1827; his father, Lyman Atwater, was born in the State of Conn., where he followed farming; he moved to the State of New York in an early day, where he married Jane Leffingwell, by whom he had 10 children: 9 are living,--Miles and Marcus, residents of McDonough Co.; Wesley resides in Pleasant tp., this Co.; Jas. and Carline reside in this tp.; Eliza resides in Barton Co., Mo.; Zilla lives in Neb.; William resides in Lynn Co., Kan.; Charles, deceased, and Lucius. Lyman Atwater settled in Fulton Co. 6 miles east of Astoria in 1834. After many years, of hard labor Mr. Atwater secured a well improved farm; he died in his 62d year; Mrs. A. survived her husband many years, dying in 1874. Lucius Atwater grew to manhood in Fulton Co.; March 15, 1855, he married Caroline Rounds, a daughter of Joseph and Sarah Rounds, by whom he has 8 children,--Francis M., Jas. A., Harry H., Ulysses G., Sarah J., Emma E., Birdie E. and Geo. O. Mr. Atwater is the owner of 310 acres of most valuable land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Joel A. Barnes, trader and grain dealer, Summum; was born in woodland township; his father, Aquila Barnes, was a native of Pa., and followed farming and blacksmithing; he removed to Harrison county, Indiana, where he was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Onion, who bore him 10 children, of whom the subject of this sketch was the 6th child. He was born in 1844; and in his 17th year he enlisted in Co. H, 85th Ill. Inf., proceeding to the front he became a participant in many noted battles. When the war closed he returned to his old home in Fulton county, where he has since lived, taking up his residence at Summum; here he practices the profession of attorney, and engages somewhat extensively in trading. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

J. L. Baumgartner, merchant, Summum. This gentleman is a native of Pa., where he was born on the 14th of January, 1846; his father, Samuel B., is a resident of this village. John passed his boyhood in Pa., where he received a liberal education and became employed from early youth upon a farm. In his 20th year he moved West, settling in Summum, where he was united in marriage to Miss Allie Horton, a daughter of Ezra Horton of Ohio; they have 3 children: Harry O., Geo. B. and Leona B. In 1875 Mr. B. began life as a merchant, and has succeeded in securing a large trade. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John Biggs, farmer, sec. 2; P. O., Summum; the subject of this sketch is a native of Coshocton county, Ohio, where he was born ni [sic] the year 1814; his father, Wm. Briggs [sic], was a native of Virginia; his parents crossed the ocean for the New World in an early day and settled in Virginia. Wm. came to Ohio as early as 1800; he was in the war of 1812; he was married to Miss Hester Markley. At the age of 27 he (John) moved into Knox county, Ohio, where he was united in marriage in 1842 to Mrs. Elizabeth Burr, by whom he had 2 children: Eliza and Mary E. Mrs. Biggs died in Knox county. Mr. B. served 5 months on the transport, Duke of Argyle; in 1863 he settled in Woodland township. Mr. B. married his second wife, Mrs. Catherine Fleming, who bore him 3 children: Zachariah, Anna and John W. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

James Bishop, farmer, sec. 32; P. O., Astoria; was born in 1853 in Indiana; his father, John Bishop, was born in Indiana, where he married Miss Susan Pennington, by whom he had 14 children. Jas., the 3d child, grew up in Iowa and Kansas, where his parents had moved; in 1872 Mr. B. became a resident of this Co.; in 1874 he married Miss Jane Bryant, a daughter of W. F. Bryant, by whom he has two children,--Wm. F. and Mary A. Owns 40 acres of land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John Bloomfield, agriculturist; was born in Butler Co., O., Jan. 9, 1807; his father died when he (John) was but 7 months old; learned the wagon-maker’s trade under an older brother, Joseph Bloomfield; in November, 1830, he married Mary Fawcett, of Butler Co.; in 1837 he journeyed to Illinois; near Sharpe’s Landing, in Schuyler Co., he lived 11 months, when he bought a farm in Woodland tp.; in process of time he acquired 280 acres, heavily timbered, however, which he improved; he was twice married; by the first marriage he had 7 children, 5 of whom grew to mature years; Emily, who married Jesse Mead and resides in Lewistown; Ira j., a lawyer, who married Kate I. Young and resides in Bloomington; was Brigadier General in the late war; Henry T., who married Mrs. Nancy Shields, and died at Nashville in the army; Levi, who married Hilpa Younker, of Ohio, and resides in Colorado; Mary, who married Scott Hughes, and resides in this tp. Mrs. B. died Oct. 29, 1852. Sept. 14, 1854, Mr. B. married Margaret Littlejohn, relict of Abram Littlejohn and daughter of Edward Littlejohn , of Va., and they have 3 sons and 2 daughters: Mary, who married Lewis Anderson and lives in Kansas; Louisa J., who married Solomon Still, residing in this tp.; James, who married Nancy Paten, and now resides at Duncan City; John, who married Nancy A. Thompson and resides in Schuyler county; has 3 children,--Abram, a school-teacher, and residing on the homestead, as also Lot, who married Rosanna Eley, in this tp., and Peter, who also resides on the homestead, comprising 160 acres of well improved land. The residence was erected in 1856. Mr. B. was one of the three commissioners who laid off this county into townships and named them. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

F. A. Bohl, agriculturist, was born at Baden, Germany, April 6, 1833; his father, Nicholas Bohl, resides in this township; Frederick was but 4 years of age when his parents crossed the ocean for the New World; they remained in Penn. a short time, when they moved West, settling in this tp.; Frederick had preceded his parents a short time. He had learned the trade of a blacksmith and accordingly opened a blacksmith and repair shop in partnership with John Shannon, of Astoria. Mr. B. was a skillful workman and a rapid one; in one day he drove 67 horse shoes, which has probably never been equaled. At the end of 4 years he purchased his farm; in 1860 he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Weese, a daughter of Samuel Weese, by whom he has two children,--Edward V. and Robert L. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Charles R. Branson, farmer, sec. 10; P. O., Summum; is a native of Jefferson Co., O., where he was born Jan. 13, 1836; in 1839 he settled in Fulton Co., where our subject passed his childhood and grew to manhood. In Aug., 1862, he enlisted in Co. H, 85th Ill. Inf., and participated in the more noted battles of the Rebellion. In 1865 he was united in marriage to Miss Martha Rankin, a daughter of Wm. Rankin. There were born of this marriage 2 children, 1 living. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Thomas R. Branson, farmer, sec. 15; P. IO., Summum; was born in Jefferson Co., O., Aug. 7, 1832. His father, Chas. C. B., was a native of England; he came to America and married Miss E. Horner; came to Pleasant tp., this Co., in 1838, and died in 1872. In 1863 Thomas enlisted in Co. D, 151st Ill. Inf., and served 1 year. He married Miss Charlotte Dilworth in 1856; she died in 1871, and in 1872 he married Miss Adeline B. Witchell. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Dr. J. H. Breeden. Dr. Breeden ranks among the wealthier class of citizens of the county; he is a native of Sullivan Co., Ind., where he was born in 1834; his father, Lewis Breeden, has followed farming from boyhood, and is now a resident of this State. He married Miss Anna Hendy, a daughter of Dr. Samuel Hendy, of New York State. There were born of this marriage 7 children, of whom the subject of this sketch was the oldest. He was but 7 years of age when the family settled in Pike Co., Ill. At the age of 22 years he began the study of medicine under Dr. D. W. Parkins, of Havana, Ill.; in 1856 he entered Rush Medical college, Chicago. On leaving the Garden City the Doctor looked about him for a suitable town to practice his profession, and accordingly located in Summum, where he has since resided. His skill as a physician is too well known to the people of this county to be called in question; as farmer, merchant and physician he has succeeded well. March 6, 1856, he was united in marriage to Mrs. Sarah A. Stover, a daughter of Col. Stover, of Ohio; they have 3 children: Harvey O., Lewis C. and Dolly. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Isaac L. Camp, farmer, sec. 26; P. O., Astoria; was born in Coshocton Co., O., in 1833, where he grew to manhood, receiving a good, liberal education; in 1858 he married Mrs. Lydia K. Smith, a daughter of Uriah Kinsey, and relict of Wm. Smith; of this marriage 2 children were born,--Arnold D., and Elmer E., deceased. Mrs. Camp survived her marriage but 3 years; in 1863 Mr. C. was united in marriage to Isabel Enyart, of Licking Co., O. They have 5 children,--Mary E., Chas. E., Emmet L., Wm. I and Horace G.; Hugh, deceased. Mr. C. settled in Woodland tp. in 1864, wintering near Summum; the following spring he purchased 40 acres. Mr. Camp has been Supervisor, Assessor, Road Commissioner, School Trustee, etc.

Peter S. Camp, farmer; P. O., Astoria; was born in Ohio in 1839; his father, Josephus Camp, was a native of Ohio; in his youth he began the study of medicine and in after years gained a large practice as a physician. While a resident of Ohio he was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Parker, who bore him 7 children; Peter, the 3d child, grew to manhood in Ohio; 13 years ago he located in Fulton county, where he was married to Miss Louisa Rogers, and their 2 children are Bessie and Marion.

G. W. Clark, farmer, sec. 6; P. O., Astoria; is a native of Ohio, where he was born in the year 1843; his father, Wm. G. Clark, was also born in Ohio, where he married his first wife, Mrs. Rachel Knock, by whom he had 6 children. Geo. W. was the fourth child born of this marriage; in 1836 Wm. Clark moved to Illinois, locating in Vermont tp.; he enlisted in Co. B, 84th Ill. Inf., for 3 years; participated in the more noted battles of the Rebellion; when the war closed he returned to Fulton county. He was united in marriage to Miss Edith M. Storekin, by whom he has 5 children: Sarah J.; Elizabeth B., Emma A., Olla and Wm. Monroe. Mrs. Clark died Feb., 1879.

Francis A. Cooper, deceased, was born in Pa.; when young, his parents emigrated with him to Ohio, where he grew to manhood and followed farming; in 1859 he moved to this township, where in after years he purchased 80 acres of valuable land. December, 1862, he married Miss Angeline Potter, by whom he had 2 children,--Wm. S. and Francis A. Mr. C. was Township Clerk at one time, taught school some, and died in 1866.

George Cooper, farmer, sec. 1; P. O., Summum; is a native of Holmes Co., O., where he was born in 1839; his father was Charles Cooper, a well known resident of Fulton county; in an early day he moved to Ohio, where he was united in marriage to Miss Ruth Ramplay, by whom he had 4 children,--George, John, Abraham and Mary. Charles Cooper became a resident of Fulton county in 1846, settled in woodland township, and died one year afterward. Mrs. Cooper, who was born in Holmes county, Ohio, is still living, a resident of Bernadotte tp.; George received a liberal education; when the war broke out he enlisted in Co. G, 85th Ill. Inf.; was honorably discharged at Washington, D. C.; he returned to Fulton county, where he has since resided; in 1868 he was united in marriage to Miss Martha Shields, a daughter of Kinsey Shields, whose sketch is found in this volume. Two children were born of this marriage,--Mary C. and Charles K.

Jacob Cossairt, of the firm of S. A. Robinson & Co., mill owners, was born in Ohio in 1834. His father, Francis Cossairt, was born in Warren Co., O., where he followed farming, and married  Mary J. Phillips, by whom he had 6 boys and 3 girls. Jacob, the second child, received a liberal education; when the war broke out he was a resident of Missouri, where he enlisted in Co. I, 8th Mo. Cav.; rose through meritorious conduct to Captaincy; was honorably discharged at the close of the war; in former years while residing in Iowa, he married Miss Hettie Alcorn, by whom he had 8 children; from Missouri, in 1877, he moved to Fulton Co., I.., locating in Woodland Tp., where, in connection with S. A. Robinson he purchased an interest in the saw-mill above mentioned. ( page 946, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

Note: Jacob died Apr. 13, 1896, in Leora, Stoddard Co., Mo. and is buried in Bloomfield, Stoddard Co., Mo. - info submitted by Donna Carnall.

M. L. Curless was born in Ohio, Dec. 1835; in 1846 he accompanied his parents to Ill., locating in Woodland Tp., where a farm of 160 acres was purchased; enlisted as First Lieutenant in Co. G, 85th Reg. Ill., and became a participant in many noted battles; resigned his commission in 1863, owing to ill health. Prior to the Rebellion he had married in Schuyler Co., Ill., Armintha McDaniel, of Ohio; there were born of this marriage 6 children--Franklin John Edward Thaddeus, Lincoln, Annabelle and Gertrude Isabelle. Mr. C. owns 320 acres of land in high cultivation. ( page 946, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

Daniel Danner, farmer, was born in Penn. June 16, 1842, son of Henry Danner, who was born in Pa., where he married Catharine Lennif, by whom he had 8 children. Daniel, the 5th child, grew to manhood in Pa., where he received a liberal education and followed farming; 14 years ago he landed in Fulton county, where he has since resided; in 1865 he married Miss Eliza Shaffer, a daughter of John Shaffer, of Pa.; of this marriage 5 children were born, 3 of whom are living,--Alice, Moses and Laura. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Jesse Danner, agriculturist, is a native of Pennsylvania, where he was born in 1812; received a liberal education; brought up a farmer, then followed the occupation of carpenter; while residing there he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Lipe, by whom he had 5 children,--John, Martha, Jacob, Barbara and Henry. In 1834 Mr. D. removed to Ohio where he became employed in a distillery for a period of 3 years; then he returned to Pennsylvania, where he followed farming until 1850, when he settled in this township, purchasing 160 acres of land; to-day he owns over 400 acres and a handsome residence. Mrs. D. died July 24, 1844. In 1845 Mr. D. united his fortunes to Miss Elizabeth Hohf, who whom he had 7 children: 4 of them are living. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Joseph Dobson, deceased, was a native of Green county, Ky., where he was born in the year 1805; he grew toward manhood an adventurous youth, for early in life he became employed on flatboats, making the usual trips to New Orleans; after many weeks spent upon the Mississippi, in an early day, probably in 1831, he moved to Indiana, where he was previously united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Shields, a daughter of Joseph Shields. During the autumn of 1833, Mr. D. settled in Kerton township, Fulton county. The survivors of their family are Mrs. Dobson, who was born Sept., 1811, in Indiana, and had 7 children; Wm., who married Miss Sarah Shelley; James, who married Lucretia Brokaw; Martin, who resides in Summum, married Hannah Mercer; George, who married Mary E. Brown; Hardin resides in Wisconsin; Anna, who resides on the old homestead, married John Rankin, a native of Ohio, who settled in this township, in 1847; there were born of this marriage 4 children,--Clara, John M., Rodney C. and William. Scott Dobson, youngest son of Joseph Dobson, resides on the old homestead. Mr. D,. was a somewhat noted deer hunter, and killed, according to an account kept, nearly 2,000 deer. He was an extraordinary marksman; used the old long rifle of Kentucky, which is still in the possession of the family. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)         

M. K. Dobson, blacksmith, Summum; was born in this township in 1843; received a good common-school education; in August, 1862, he enlisted in Co. H, 85th Ill. Inf.’ was in the battles of Perryville, Murphreesboro, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Buzzard Roost, Kenesaw Mountain, Jonesboro, Snake Creek Gap, Resaca, Peach Tree Creek and others; returning home he learned the trade of blacksmithing; Nov. 9, 1870, he married a lady of Vermont, Fulton county, by whom he has 3 children,--Olive, Joseph and Dora. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Asa Dutton, farmer, sec. 3; P_. O., Summum. This gentleman is a native of Brown Co., O)., where he was born in the year 1833; he was 10 years of age when his parents settled in Fulton Co.; Jan. 15th, 1860, he was united in marriage to Miss Martha J., daughter of Wm. H. Browning, of Ohio; 8 children blessed this union: Flora A., Mary M., Sarah B., Wm. H. H., Jas. A., Eliza, Lucinda and Marcellus. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Daniel Dutton, farmer, sec. 35; P. O., Bluff City; was born in 1833, in Brown Co., O.; in 1840 he accompanied his parents, Moses and Rebecca Dutton, to Illinois, settling in Woodland tp., where the subject of this sketch grew to manhood; in 1862 he enlisted in Co. H, 85th Ill. Inf., became a participant in many noted battles, as Perryville, Stone River, Chickamauga, Jonesboro, Kenesaw Mt., Peach Tree Creek, Buzzard Roost, and many others of less importance; honorably discharged when the war closed, he returned to his old home in Fulton Co., where in 1866 he married Mrs. Mary Markley, daughter of John Reed and relict of Martin Markley; there were born of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Dutton 5 children,--Ettie, Daniel, Rebecca, Wm. and Charles; the marriage of Mary Reed to Martin Markley was blessed with 7 children: 3 are living,--Sylvester, Marion and Martin. Mr. and Mrs. Dutton are joint owners of 220 acres of land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Moses Dutton settled in Fulton Co. over 30 years ago; he was born in Maine in 1811; during his boyhood his parents emigrated to Ohio, where he grew to manhood; in 1831 he was united in marriage with Miss Rebecca Curless, daughter of Asher Curless, of Ohio; of their 11 children 10 are living,--Elmira, who married Clark Mote; Asa, who married Jane Browning; Daniel, who married Mary Markley; Jane, who married John Thompson; Henry, who married Charlotte Levengerer; John, who resides on the old homestead unmarried; Wm., who married Susan Levengerer; Mary, who married James Radcliffe; James A. and Randolph. Mr. D. was finally laid at rest in the village cemetery, leaving a widow, with a home on 100 acres of valuable land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Elisha Elliott, farmer, sec 23; P. O., Summum; is a native of Fulton Co., where he was born in the year 1848; his father, Luke Elliott, was born in Ohio, where he followed his trade of a shoemaker until his emigration to Fulton Co., where he settled some 35 years ago; he proved a sterling actor in the growth and development of the Co., and during the late war obtained a Lieutenant’s commission; he was united in marriage in this Co. to Miss Eveline Burgess. In 1871 Elisha Elliott was united in marriage to Miss Sigourney L. Hickle, daughter of Aaron and Sarah Hickle. They have 4 children, 3 living: Elmer E., Ernest E. and Lucius L. Cora E. died in infancy. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Francis M. Elliott farmer, sec. 9; P. O., Summum; was born in Fulton Co. in 1846; his father, Samuel Elliott, is a resident of Schuyler Co.; was born in the State of New York; he removed from there to Fulton Co., Ill., probably in 1831, where he was united in marriage to Mrs. Margaret Osborn. In 1868 he was united in marriage to Mrs. Sarah E. Hughes, a daughter of Wm. Hughes. They have 3 children, Leoni Van L., William S. and Julius O. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Jane Elliott, relict of Ellison Elliott, was born in New York State in 1811, moved to Ohio in an early day, where she was married to Ellison Elliot. 7 children born of this marriage,--Elisha, Jasper, Isaac P., Wm. A., Geo. W., James B. and Chas. H. George, the only one living, resides on the homestead. Mrs. Elliott’s maiden name was Vanderbilt. Three sons of Mrs. E. entered the service, all of whom gave up their lives in the war for the Union. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Geo. Emig, deceased, was a native of Penn., where he followed farming; he there married Miss Mary Brillhard, by whom he had 2 children,--Jesse and Isaac. Mrs. E. was twice married, her first husband being Peter Wolf, of Penn., who there passed the remainder of his life; 3 children survive who were born of this marriage. George Emig came to Fulton Co. about 25 years ago, purchasing property in Woodland tp., consisting of 80 acres; he became exceedingly prosperous; he died in 1865; Mrs. Emig is still living, residing in Woodland tp. Jesse grew to manhood in Fulton  Co.; received a liberal education; in 1874 he married Miss Mary Mummert, daughter of Jonas Mummert, deceased. There are two children, Marion and Sarah, surviving. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John Farwell,

John Fike, agriculturist, was a native of Indiana, where he was born on the 27th of April, 1827; located in Fulton Co., in 1837 or ’39, left an orphan at an early age, he entered the employ of R. McLaren, remaining until he had attained his majority; Oct. 27, 1850, he was united in marriage to Miss Eliza J. Onion, daughter of Joel and Eleanor Onion; enlisted in he 3d Ill. Cav., Co. H; became Sergeant, was honorably discharged and returned to his home in this Co.; but exposure in army life had proven too much for his naturally strong constitution, and on the 23d of Dec., ’62, he was laid at rest in Woodland township. He was the owner of a valuable farm of 60 acres, and to the care of his pioneer wife he left a family of 4 children, 3 of whom are living,--Wm. M., Mary E. and John, jr. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John Fitz was born in York county, Pa.; he there married Mary Ann Dubs, by whom he had 9 children,--Henry, John, Samuel, Conrad, Matilda, Susan, Elizabeth and Rebecca. Mr. Fitz was a farmer in Pa., where he owned farm property: 27 years ago he came West, settling in Woodland township, where he purchased nearly 500 acres of land; he removed to Iowa 3 years ago, where he is the owner of 400 acres of valuable land. Conrad, who is a farmer in this township, was born in Penn. in 1848, having spent his boyhood and youth in this county; in 1874 he married Miss Susan Shields, daughter of Nathan and Mary Shields, mentioned elsewhere, and they have one child, Idallah. Mr. f. owns 160 acres in this tp.; has been School Director 13 years. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Samuel Fitz, farmer, sec. 8; P. O., Astoria. Among those who have succeeded well in life we mention Samuel Fitz, who ranks among the earliest residents of this township; he was born in York county, Pa., Oct. 18, 1844. He was but 5 years of age when his parents settled in Fulton county, sec. 17, Woodland township; he followed farming principally, although for a short period of time he became employed as clerk by E. & P. Hamer, merchants at Vermont. Nov. 23, 1869, he was united in marriage to Miss Anna Bogue, by whom he has one child, Farie. Mrs. F. died Dec. 24, 1876, and was laid at rest in the Dunkard cemetery. On the 9th of January, 1879, Mr. Fitz united his fortunes to Miss Anna Hershey, of Monmouth, Warren county, Ill. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Nobles C. Grandstaff, was born in Muskingum county, O., in 1836; became a stock-dealer, and for a considerable time was proprietor of a meat market at Nelsonville; while residing in Jackson county, O., he was united in marriage to Miss P. A. Akins, a daughter of Samuel Akins, of Ohio, by whom he has 6 children, viz: Celia J., Willie, Gant, Morley, Walter and Emma. Mr. G. was quite extensively engaged as a stock-buyer and traded a great deal in various States; two years ago he settled in this township, where he purchased the mill property formerly owned by Emily Mayhew; since this date Mr. G. has transacted a very good business.  (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

J. B. Grisham, farmer, sec. 29; P. O., Astoria; was born in Brown Co., O., in 1840; his father, Richard Grisham, was a native of South Carolina, and born March 7, 1802; during the early settlement of Ohio he moved to that State, where he followed farming, and where he was united in marriage to Miss Laura Reynolds; they had 19 children; he died in 1879; Mrs. G. is still living and resides in Kansas. The family moved from Ohio, settling in 1855 in Woodland tp., on farm property. J. B received a liberal education; in 1861 he was married to Elizabeth Wunderlich, a daughter of Philip Wunderlich, a Virginian; by her he had 8 children, 7 of whom are living,--John, Edward, Toler, Wm., Harry, Orley and J J. With the exception of a short residence in Kansas Mr. G. has been a permanent resident of this tp. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John Grove, farmer; P. O., Astoria; the subject of this sketch was born in Virginia in 1832; his father, Christopher Grove, was also a native Virginian, a saddler and harness-maker by trade, and married Mary Beard, by whom he had 8 children; John, the fourth of these, grew to the age of 19 years in Va., when he made his way West to Astoria tp.; in this county he has since resided with the exception of 6 years passed in McDonough Co.; in 1862 he enlisted in Co. F, 103d Ill. Inf., and was a participant in many of the famous battles, honorably discharged, and returned to his old home in Fulton Co., where, in 1858, Jan. 1, he was united in marriage with Sarah M. Haffner, daughter of Jacob Haffner, who settled in Fulton county 24 years ago. There were born of this marriage 9 children, 8 of whom are living, 5 girls and 3 boys, in this tp. Mr. G. is a farmer, owning 80 acres of well-improved land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

J. W. Hagan, farmer, sec. 2; P. O., Summum; was born in Fulton Co. in 1848; received a liberal education. In 1869 he was united in marriage to Miss Nancy Thompson, by whom he has 3 children,--Edwin W., Viola B. and Jas. E. Mr. H. is the owner of 160 acresl Mrs. H,. is a native of Fulton Co., and is a daughter of Anthony and Lucy Thompson, of Ohio. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Thomas Hagan, farmer and stock-raiser, sec. 16; P. O., Summum; was born in Tenn. In 1822; his father, Robert Hagan, was born in Kentucky, where he followed the occupation of a farmer; he there married Anna Barnet, who bore him 2 children,--John B. and Thomas. Robert was twice married; was among the first settlers of Tenn., where he passed the remainder of his days on earth. While Thomas was yet a lad his father died, and at the age of 10 he accompanied his step-mother to Missouri, where he lived 3 years; then he came to Illinois, locating in this township, where he passed his youth at the home of Nicholas Fraley, one of the pioneer5s of the tp.; in 1836 Mr. H. married Ruth Hughes, a daughter of Taylor Hughes; they had 8 children, 6 are living,--John W., Mary C., Nancy J., James L., Marion L. and U. Grant. Mr. H. owns 240 acres of good land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Solomon D. Hamm settled in Fulton county in 1854, and after the lapse of a quarter of a century he is the owner of over 500 acres of valuable land and takes a leading position among the wealthy farmers of this county. He was born in York county, Pa., Feb. 8, 1833; worked as a carpenter, and in 1856, after his arrival in this county, he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Wolf, daughter of Peter Wolf, of Pennsylvania, by whom he has 10 children—Rebecca, Jacob H., Ellen N., Elizabeth, Sarah, Mary, Lucy, Anna, Jessie C. and John W.  (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John Horner, deceased, was born in 1812; his parents were born in Pennsylvania, where they followed farming; Mr. H. died, and Mrs. H. moved to Ohio and thence to Fulton county, where she died at an advanced age. John grew to manhood in Pennsylvania where he was united in marriage to Miss Barbara Brillhard, by whom he had 10 children: 9 are living,--Henry, Wm., Daniel, Elizabeth, Maria, Sarah, Barbara, Hannah and Louisa; with the exception of Maria, all the children reside in Illinois; in 1855 Mr. H. came to Fulton county, where he purchased a quarter section of land; he became quite successful on his western farm in this township, where he died in 1871. Mrs. H., who is a native of Pennsylvania, still survives. Daniel Horner, from whom this sketch is obtained, was born in Pennsylvania in 1848; was but six years of age when his parents landed in Fulton county; April 27, 1876, he married Miss Mary E. ______, who died soon afterward; Mr. H. has gained considerable local fame as a writer and correspondent. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Wm. S. Hopping, farmer, sec. 6; P. O., Astoria. In obtaining our biographical sketches many incidents come to hand. On the farm of Mr. Hopping is a large mound, one of the largest in this county, and in conversation we learn that relics of an interesting nature have been found; is the youngest son of Gideon Hopping. He married Miss Sarah J. Sturges, of South Carolina; her father, John Sturges, became known to fame as a Revolutionary soldier and was a living witness of the famous surrender at Yorktown. In 1823 Gideon Hopping and wife, each on horseback, made the western trip to Illinois and stopped near Springfield. In 1836 Mr. H. moved to Fulton Co, settling in Vermont township, and passed away over a quarter of a century ago. Mrs. H., who is a sister of Dr. Daniel B. Sturges, of South Bend, Ind., the well-known writer and minister of the Gospel, passed away but a few short weeks ago. She left but 3 children,-- Gideon J., Joseph and Wm. S. Wm. S. was married in 1861 to Miss Mary Cooper, a daughter of James Cooper, by whom he had 5 children, 4 are living: Sarah J., John W., Mellisa E., Melina B. and Joseph H., deceased. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Martin L. Horn, was born in Penn. in 1811; his father, Daniel Horn, was a native of Washington Co., Penn.; was a cabinet-maker by occupation, following farming, however, to a considerable extent; he married Polly Simmons, of Penn., by whom he had 5 sons and 4 daughters; Martin, the 4th son, grew to manhood in Penn.; where he married Julia Ann Oller, by whom he had 9 children: 8 are living. Mr. H. emigrated to Fulton county, where he has 172 acres of land; 9 years after his arrival Mrs. Horn died; one year later Mr. H. married Mary J. Kelly, who survived her marriage 6 years; in 1868 Mr. H. married Mrs. Martha Severns, relict of Martin Severns, of Ohio. Mr. Horn now owns over 200 acres, nearly all tillable land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

James J. Horton, farmer and stock-trader, sec. 10; P. O., Summum; was born in Coshocton Co., O., March 6, 1836; his father, Ezra Horton, was born in the same county, and lived there for upwards of 43 years, and where he was united in marriage to Mrs. Eliza Roney, by whom he had 9 children. In 1859 Ezra Horton located in this tp.; he died May 22, 1863; Mrs. Horton survived her husband but one year. James, who had attained his 21st year shortly after the family arrived in Fulton Co., has followed farming and stock-raising from boyhood, and he is the owner of the homestead property; March 29, '59, he married Mrs. Martha J. Horton, a daughter of J. B. Horton, of Ohio, who now resides at Muscatine, Iowa; 10 children were born of this marriage; 8 are living, Dora, Esther, Willie, Sadie, Ella, Artie, Lydia and Matilda ; Ida L., and James I. deceased. (page 952, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

Levi Horton, Justice of the Peace and farmer, is well known to the farmers and business men of this section; was born in the year 1818; his father, David Horton, was a pensioner and soldier during the year of 1812. He united his fortunes with Mrs. Margaret Sapp. 6 children blessed the union of David and Margaret Horton, 3 of whom now survive. Levi, the elder, married in Ohio Miss Caroline Darling, who bore him 5 children; 2 survive, David and Jennie. The subject of this sketch settled in Fulton Co. in 1839, and settled permanently in 1851; has been a successful farmer, and has held the offices of Supervisor, Town Clerk, Road Commissioner, etc. ( page 953, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

T. J. Horton, farmer, sec. 20; P.O., Astoria; is a native of Ohio, born in 1844; grew to manhood in this county, where he has since followed farming, and where he was united in marriage with Miss Louisa McDermott, by whom he has 2 children. Mrs. H. died Feb., 1875, and in the following year Mr. H. married Susan Stoops, a daughter of Michael Stoops, in Woodland tp.; is the owner of 87 acres of land; has been School Director, Road Commissioner, etc. (page 953, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

Abel W. Hughes, farmer; P. O., Astoria; was born in this Co. in 1854; Dec. 13, 1877, married Miss Addie Waggoner, a daughter of George Waggoner, a native of Penn.; they have 1 child. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

B. Scott Hughes, farmer, sec. 6; P. O., Astoria. Nearly all who have the name Hughes in this part of the county are near relatives. The subject of this sketch is a son of John David and Minerva J. Hughes, and married Miss Mary Bloomfield, daughter of John Bloomfield, and their children are Ira, Oscar and Rolla. John Hughes first married Betsy Cooper, by whom he had 7 children; by his second wife, Minerva J., he had 6 children. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Geo. W. Hughes is a native of Wayne Co., O., where he was born Jan. 12, 1822; his father, Taylor Hughes, was a native of Maryland; a soldier in the war of 1812; was elected Colonel of State militia in 1840. He settled at Lewistown for a short time when he directed his footsteps to Woodland tp., where he passed the remainder of life; his wife still survives. Of the 10 children born to them all are living, and 9 are residents of this township. Geo. Was the second son, who had attained his 20th year when his parents settled in Fulton Co.; in 1843 he was united in marriage to Miss Susan Elliott, daughter of Elisha and Hannah Elliot; 11 children were born, 6 girls and 5 boys; 3 have died; those who survive are all residents of Fulton Co. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John D. Hughes, farmer and stock-raiser, sec. 12; P. O., Summum; is a native of Harford Co., Md., born in 1819. His father, Taylor Hughes, was also a native of Md., who moved to Ohio, where he followed the occupation of cabinet-maker and builder; in 1817 he was married to Mary Demass, and they had 11 children. In 1840 he emigrated to this tp., where in Feb., 1877, he died. Mrs. H. still survives. In 1838 John married Elizabeth Cooper, by whom he had 4 children, none of whom are living. Mrs. H. died in 1847, and in 1848 Mr. H. married Mrs. Minerva Meek, widow of Richard meek; they have 6 children. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Joshua Hughes, farmer, was born in Ohio in 1826; at the age of 14 he became a resident of Fulton Co., where with the exception of 7 years spent in Kansas he has since resided; he was married in Woodland tp. to Miss Zillah Kelly; 9 children blessed this union, 7 living. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

N. P. Hughes, farmer, sec. 6; P. O., Summum. The above named gentleman was born in Holmes Co., O., in Sept., 1837, and is the son of Taylor Hughes. When the war broke out he enlist4ed in the 85th Reg., Ill. Vol., Co. I, for 3 years’ service; was in 13 battles, and the principal ones of the Rebellion, as Perryville, Stone River, Chickamauga, Kenesaw Mountain and others; wounded at Atlanta. In 1855 he was united in marriage to Miss Dicy Prather, by whom he has 10 children: Rose Ann, Rosette, Mary, Leonidas, Lawrence, Viola B., Arpha, Louisa, Judson and Olive. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Wm. S. Hughes, farmer and stock-raiser; sec. 16; P. O., Summum; is a native of Holmes Co., O, where he was born in 1824; at the age of 16 he accompanied the “old folks” to Woodland tp.; in 1846 he was united in marriage to Miss Anna Anderson, a daughter of James Anderson, of Kerton tp. Mr. Hughes’ habits of life are temperate; is quiet and unostentatious in his manner, more of a listener than a conversationalist. Like all who bear the name in this part of the county, Mr. H. is a staunch Republican. There were born of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Hughes, 4 children, 3 of whom are living: Sarah E., who married F. M. Elliott; Robert M., who married Lucinda J. McLaren, daughter of John McLaren; Amanda resides on the homestead. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Edward Kessler, farmer, sec. 3; P. O., Astoria; for the past 10 years Mr. K. has been a resident of Woodland tp.; he was born in Pa., on the 16th of October, 1830; his father, Samuel Kessler, was a native of Pa., where he married Miss Lydia Emick. Edward grew to manhood in Pa., where he was united in marriage to Miss Lucinda Wolfrum, by whom he had 4 children. Dec. 6, 1865, Mrs. Kessler died, and in 1867 he was united in marriage to Miss Polly Strammel, by whom he had 6 children, 4 of whom are living in this township. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John F. Kingery, agriculturist, was born in Fulton Co., on the old farm homestead of his parents, Wm. and Jane Kingery, in 1837; among the rugged associations of pioneer life young Kingery spent his boyhood. August, 1862, he enlisted in Co., H, 85th Ill. Inf., at Perryville. Aug. 8, 1858, he was united in marriage to Mrs. Catherine Smith, a daughter of Harrison Newberry, and relict of Geo. Smith. Of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. K. there were born 6 children,--Lafayette, John W., Edwin F., Thos. J., Clayton and Sadie. (page 954, submitted by Jane Kingery)

Emanuel Leu, farmer, sec. 8; P. O., Summum. The gentleman from whom this sketch is obtained s a native of Penn., where he was born in the year 1826; his father, David Leu, was also born in Penn., where he followed the occupation of a shoemaker, and where he was married to Miss Elizabeth Sennett. In 1853 Emanuel was united in marriage to Mrs. Caroline Give, a daughter of Franklin give, by whom he has 10 children,--Emeline, Jane, Matilda, Emanuel, Ida, Franklin, Catherine, John, Michael and Edmund. On the 14th of February, 1866, Mr. L. settled in Fulton county, Woodland tp. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John C. Mayers, farmer, sec. 19; P. O., Astoria; was born in Penn. Aug. 4, 1815; his father, Peter Mayers, was a farmer in Penn., where he was united in marriage to Miss Eve Brillhart, who bore him 12 children, John being the 8th. Who married Barbara Kisley, who bore him 5 children. Mrs. Mayers died in Penn. in 1845. By his second wife, Lydia Dressler, a native of Penn., he had 2 children; she also died in Penn. in 1850, and Mr. M. united his fortunes to Miss Mary Wenz, by whom he has 3 children. Mr. Mayers settled here in 1854, purchasing his present farm of 80 acres. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

A. J. McDermott, farmer; P. O., Astoria; was born in 1856 in Fulton Co.,; in 1878 he married Mary Crable, a daughter of Joseph Crable, who was a native of Penn., and moved to this State in an early day. They have 1 child, Della. Mr. McD. resides upon the old farm homestead. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Robert McDermott, agriculturist, was born in Ireland; while a boy his father died, and his mother crossed the Atlantic for America, setteling in Ohio, where young Robert passed his youth and grew to manhood; he settled in Woodland township, where, for two seasons, he rented farm property; one year from the date of his settlement he married Miss Edith Griffith, a daughter of William Griffith, who was born in Coshocton Co., Ohio. For several years Mr. McD. Held the position of a Justice of the Peace. He died Jan. 16th., 1872, leaving a valuable estate of 240 acres. There were born of the marriage 11 children, 4 of whom are living,--Franklin, who married Mary J. Thompson; Andrew J., who married Mary Ann Crable; Laura, who married Warren Wharton; Robert, the youngest, who resides on the old homestead. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Calvin McKinley was born in Bond county, Ill., in 1829; his father, John McKinley, was a native of Ohio; Calvin accompanied his parents to Fulton county in a very early day and settled in Woodland township, where he grew up amid pioneer associations; in 1847, he married Miss Mahala C. Kerran, a daughter of Benjamin Kerran, by whom he has 9 children,--John, Nancy, Henry, Chas., Joseph, Rebecca, Cordelia, Mahala and Freddie. Mr. McK. is the owner of 150 acres of land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Christopher C. McLaren, farmer and stock-raiser, sec. 4; P. O., Summum; was born in 1847 in this county; in 1871 he married Miss Louisa Cleary, a daughter of Henry Cleary, deceased, a native of Kentucky. They have 3 children,--Florence, Carl and Walter. In addition to his farming operations Mr. McL. Is also engaged as a stock-dealer, in which he meets with good success. Has been School Directer (sic), etc. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Peter McLaren is a native of Perth, Scotland, where he was born in 1807; Robert McLaren, his father, came to America in 1822; settled in Woodland township in 1827; Peter, the eldest brother of John and Robert McLaren, who reside in Astoria township, first settled on Congress land, the farm now owned by Stephen Merrill; in 1830 he sold this and purchased a farm now owned by Stephen Merrill; in 1830 he sold this and purchased a farm of 160 acres where he now resides; in 1835 Mr. McLaren married Lucinda Saffern, by whom he had 11 children; 5 are living. Mrs. McLaren died Nov. 14, 1857; the following year Mr. McL. married Irilla Berry, of Ohio, by whom he has two children,--Ellen and Sherman. Mr. McLaren has participated in the development of this country from its native wildness to its present high culture. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

William McLaren, farmer and stock-raiser; many years have come and gone since the advent of William McLaren in this county; over half a century ago four of the McLaren brothers crossed the ocean from Scotland and settled in Fulton county, Illinois. Wm. was born in Scotland in the year 1820. In July, 1841, he was united in marriage to Miss Rachel Fike, a daughter of John and Sally Fike, to whom 9 children were born,--Nancy, John N., Christopher C., Wm. R., Mary, Israel, Francis M., Caroline and Belle. Mr. McL. first entered an 80-acre tract on which he erected the usual rough, hewed-log cabin and settled down for hard work, many acres of heavy timber yielding before his well directed effort. Mrs. McLaren was born in Ohio; of her parents, save the name, but little is known as they died during the early years of Mrs. M. John Fike was a native of Pennsylvania, where he was married to Miss Sally Wilkie, by whom he had 11 children: but three are living at the present writing. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

W. R. McLaren, physician and surgeon, was born in Woodland township, August 9, 1849, receiving his preliminary education in the district school of Woodland tp.; in 1867 he proceeded to Lewistown where he entered a graded school; he next wended his way in search of knowledge to Knox county, where he took a scientific course, remaining 2 years; he then became a student with Drs. Taylor and McCurdy, of Vermont, with whom he remained 2 years. In 1875 he entered the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Keokuk, Iowa, graduating in 1877; he then located at Bluff City, where he secures a very fair practice; in 1877 he was united in marriage to Miss Lydia Odell, of Rushville. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Edmund Miller, farmer; P. O., Astoria; was born in Pa., July, 1845. His father, David Miller, was also a native of Pa. where he now resides; he married Miss Margaret Wolfgang, by whom he had 7 children. Edmund, the 5th, grew to manhood in Pa., where he became employed as a farm hand; in 1868 he married Miss Lydia Strammel, a daughter of George Strammel, who was born in Pa., and who owns 80 acres of land in this township.; Mr. M. has 6 children,--Mary, David, Lucy, George, Sarah and William. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

H. C. Mote, M. D. For over a quarter of a century, Dr. Mote has met with wonderful success as an oculist; many years ago his wife was afflicted with a weakness in the eye, causing neuralgic pains which ultimately caused partial blindness; for years the husband had treatment from eminent physicians, all of whom failed utterly. At last in despair he began the study of the human eye, its ailments and proper treatment. In 1859 he was rejoiced at the discovery of a medicine so mild as not to injure, yet so powerful as to accomplish the purpose. Having restored the eyesight of his wife in an almost marvelous manner during the autumn of 1859, he received his first patient. This was a stubborn case. But in a short time the Doctor had effected a cure. Since this period he has succeeded so remarkably as an oculist that we deem it of local interest to state that he has been successful in his treatment of the following well known parties: J. C. Lutz, hardware merchant, of Astoria; Henry Lynn, farmer, Schuyler county; Charles and Nancy Miner, of Adair, McDonough county; Lewis Zelly, merchant, Havana; ‘Squire Godby, of Petersburg, Menard county, Ill.; G, W. Denton, same; James Matthews, wife and daughter, P. O., Virginia, Cass county, Ill.; Mrs. Wheeler, Jasper county, Mo. The Dr. was born in Darke county Ohio, in 1823, the son of Jeremiah and Elizabeth (Carlock) M. He married Sarah Guinn in 1848, and they have 6 children, one deceased. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Jonathan Newberry. In 1835 Joseph Newberry concluded to better his fortunes by coming to Ill.; he stopped at the little village of Lewistown where he lived for 2 years. Jonathan was in his 19th year when he landed in Fulton county, where he soon began teaching and was among the noted pioneer “masters” of the county. Jan. 13, 1876, after a well-spent life of 40 years in the school-room, he retired from scholastic duties; May 18, 1843, he married Cynthia A. Snodgrass, by whom he has 3 children: George W., Wm. and Eliza J.; John J., deceased. Jonathan is a native of Ohio, was born July 15, 1817. His father, Joseph N., was born in New York, April 27, 1786. He married Sallie Worthington, who bore him 10 children. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Joel Onion, farmer; is a native of Kentucky, where he was born May 21, 1804; his father, Wm. Onion, was a native of Maryland. Joel was in his 6th year when his parents moved to Indiana. In 1836 Joel and his father directed their footsteps to Fulton county, Woodland township Joel had married in Indiana (in 1827), Mrs. Helena Shields, a daughter of Joseph and Martha Shields, by whom he had 10 children: 7 are living at the present writing. Mr. O. not long after his arrival, probably 1838, purchased a claim and moved into an old log cabin; the first winter he taught school, being the second teacher who taught the pioneer scholars in this township; at this time there was but one school building in Woodland township, and one in the township of Astoria. Mr. O. subsequently turned his attention to farming principally, although he proved an excellent mechanic, and built the first bridges at Otto and Sugar creek as well as the first frame barn in the township. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

James M. Onion, farmer, sec. 9; P. O., Summum; is a native of Fulton Co., where he was born in the year 1835; his father, Wm. Onion, was born in Harrison Co., Ind., and followed farming and teaching school, having taught the first school in Woodland tp. He was united in marriage to Miss Jane Hagan of Tennessee, by whom he had 4 children, of whom James was the oldest. Wm. Onion settled in Fulton Co. during the autumn of 1834. James passed his youth and grew to manhood in Fulton county, receiving a liberal education. In Aug., 1861, he enlisted in Co. H, 3d Ill. Cav.; entering the service as a private soldier he arose to the positon of 2d Lieut. He returned to Fulton county at the close of the war, where he had married while on a furlough home, Mrs. Mary E. Rounds a daughter of Col. Taylor Hughes, and relict of Henry Rounds. We give Mr. O.’s portrait in this volume. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Alonzo Palmer, farmer and stock-raiser, sec. 5; P. O., Astoria. Alonzo Palmer is a native of the Old Dominion State; was born in 1839. He was in his fifteenth year when his parents concluded to make Illinois their home. In Fulton Co. he grew to manhood, receiving a liberal education; in 1861 he was united in marriage to Miss Nancy J. McLaren, a daughter of Wm. McLaren. They have 7 children: Isidora, Rachel A., John W., Lillian, Ashley, Charles and Nellie. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Abner Perkins, agriculturist, is a native of Maine, where he was born in the year 1810; his father, Stephen P., was born in Maine, where he married Miss Alice Stope. In 1831 Abner directed his footsteps to Virginia, and while living in Fredricksburg he united his fortunes to Miss Asenath Merrill, a daughter of Benjamin Merrill, of Maine, by whom he had 5 children, 2 of whom are living: Mehetabel and I. J. Perkins. After 20 years he came to Astoria, where then and in subsequent years he taught school. Miss Mehetabel Perkins, whose energetic and enterprising disposition is scarcely equaled in Western annals, takes care of the home farm, having complete control, and when the storms of winter are too cold for many a strong man to venture forth, Miss P. may always be found hard at work, taking care of the stock or doing other farm work with an energy that savors strongly of pioneer days when women bore a prominent part in the growth and development of the county. Miss P. has gained considerable local celebrity as a prose and poetical writer. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

J. G. Porter is a native of the county of Tyrone, Ireland, where he was born in 1812. His father, John G. Porter, was a mechanic and for 32 years worked as a master builder for Bishop Porter, a relative. He was married to Mary Hannah. Our subject came to America at the age of 14, landed at Quebec and one year later went to New York city and lived 15 years. In that State he married Eliza Ann Guyan, who died in Buffalo in 1845. Mr. P. became a large contractor and builder. In 1846 he came to Fulton co. and bought 480 acres of land. In 1847 he married Eliza A. Snodgrass, by whom he had 10 children, 7 of whom are living,--4 boys and 3 girls. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Reason Prather, farmer; P. O., Astoria; was born in Indiana in 1829; a little over a year from this date the parents of our subject, Darius and Caroline Prather, stopped in Schuyler county one year, and the following year located in Fulton county; Reason received a good education for that period; before attaining his majority he was united in marriage to Miss Rebecca, daughter of Cornelius O’Donnel, by whom he has had 6 children,--Margaret, Mary, Riley (dec.) Preston, Benton (dec.), and Melinda. Mrs. Prather died in 1860, and the following year Mr. Prather married Zilpha Parks, by whom he has 6 children. After many years of industrious toil Mr. Prather s the owner of 320 acres of valuable land, and ranks among the a wealthier farmers of Woodland tp. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Chas. Punneo, agriculturist; was born in Warren Co., O., near the city of Lebanon, June 16, 1824; his father, Jeremiah Punneo, was a wagon-maker by trade; was of French origin. In the early part of his life he lived in New Jersey, but became a pioneer of Ohio, locating at Cincinnati, when that place was small; he was once offered a lot near the present court-house for the running gears of a wagon; he lived in Ohio many years; in 1837 he settled in Woodland tp., where he became successful as a farmer; he died in 1874. Mrs. Punneo, nee Jones, was a native of New Jersey, and died when the subject of this sketch was but 3 years of age, near Lebanon, OP. Mr. P. afterward married Miss Elizabeth Voorhees, and they had 4 children; of the first marriage were 6. Charles, the youngest child born of this marriage, was 13 years of age when his parents landed in Fulton Co.; he married Miss Mary Shields, daughter of Kinsey Shields; there were born to them 9 children. Mr. Punneo is the owner of 120 acres, all cleared through his own industry. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

James W. L. Radcliffe, farmer and stock-raiser, sec. 26; P. O., Bluff City; born in the District of Columbia in 1831; his father, J. L. Radcliffe, while in the flush of early manhood, became drummer in the war of 1812; was married in Maryland to Miss Mary Howard, by whom he had 11 children; James, the second son, moved with his family to Alton, Ill., in 1834; at the age of 18 he came to this tp., where he now resides and is the owner of 44 acres of good land; in 1858 he was united in marriage to Miss Mary E. Dutton, by whom he has 8 children,--Geo. W., John R., Eugene, Horace, Oliver J., Julia, Salina and James W. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John Rawley, agriculturist. The subject of this sketch was born in Penn. on the 23d of July, 1807; his father, Rubert Rawley, was a native of Delaware, but moved to Va. in an early day, where he was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Bargheiser, by whom he had 11 children; John, who was the eldest born of this marriage, grew to manhood in Va., where he was united in marriage to Miss Barbara Simmers, by whom he has 8 children; from Va. he moved to Indiana in 1853; for nearly 3 years he resided in Indiana, and then located in Henderson Co., Ill., two years later settling in Woodland tp., Fulton Co. in 1870 Mrs. R. was laid at rest in Woodland tp.; and in 11873 Mr. Rawley united his fortunes to Miss Katie Saulsbury, who died six months later; April, 1875, Mr. R. married Miss Catherine Baker, by whom he has one child, Sarah. Mr. Rawley ranks among the more substantial farmers and progressive citizens of this township. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Thomas Reed, farmer, sec. 32; P. O., Astoria; was born in Pennsylvania in 1817; his father, John M. Reed, was born in Beaver Co., Pa., a farmer, who married Mary Hinds; they had 8 children; Thomas, the fifth, grew to manhood in Coshocton Co., O., where the family afterward removed. In 1843 Mr. R. moved to Illinois and first located in Schuyler Co., where he married; his wife died April 27, ’77. Mr. Reed now owns 160 acres of land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

J. M. Robertson, farmer, se3c. 20; P. O., Astoria; is a native of Schuyler Co., Ill., where he was born in 1842. His father, T. L. Robertson, was born in Kentucky, and in an early day moved to Schuyler Co. J. M. grew to manhood in Astoria, learning the trade of a wagon-maker. In 1861 he was united in marriage to Mrs. Labina Horton, a daughter of Wm. Horton, of Astoria. The following year Mr. R enlisted in Co. G, 85th Ill. Inf., and participated in many important battles. Mr. R. enlisted for service as a 2d Lieutenant, and was promoted; at the battle of Kenesaw Mt. he received a severe flesh wound. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Robertson was blessed with 9 children,--Walter, Frank, Everett, Geo., Della, Sarah, Oliver, Nellie and Thomas. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Joseph Rounds, farmer, sec. 1; P. O., Summum; was born in Brown Co., O., in 1815; he lived in Ohio many years, and while a resident he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Brook, by whom he had 8 children: 7 are living. Mr. Rounds settled in Fulton Co. 25 years ago. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

James Salisbury, farmer and stock-raiser, sec. 32; P. O., Astoria; Thomas Salisbury located in Woodland tp. in his 25th year. He was united in marriage to Miss Mary J. Kline, of Vermillion, Ill.; of their 9 children 7 are living,--Nancy, Amanda M., Caroline, Martha J., Lavina, Robert and Levi. Mr. Salisbury became the owner of farm property and is now living within a short distance of the place where he first settled, and has lived to see the county grow from a dense wilderness to its present state of prosperty. He served in the late war. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Marcus Salisbury. Turning back in the flight of years to 1827, an early date in pioneer history, we find Marcus Salisbury a resident of this county; he is a native of Indiana, where he was born in the year 1818. His father, Thomas Salisbury, came to Woodland tp. in 1827, where he entered land from the Government. Marcus grew to man’s estate here. He was married in his 24th year to Miss Jane Kelly, by whom he had 8 children: 4 are living: Wm., who married Mrs. Angeline Stevens; Geo., who married Miss Emma Hughes; Sarah j., who married Simeon Fuson; Miranda, who married Wm. Robinson (deceased). (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Richard Shores, agriculturist, was born in Coshocton Co., O., in 1823; his father, James, was born near the city of Baltimore; he learned the trade of a shoemaker in his youth and followed this calling for a number of years; for a period taught school, and for 13 years was a Justice of the Peace, and in the war of 1812 he took an active part. He came to Woodland tp. in 1851. He resided here until the day of his decease, which occurred shortly after the close of the Rebellion. His remains now lie at rest in Woodland tp. Mrs. S. died shortly before her husband. Richard, a patron of this book, was married in Holmes Co., O., to Miss Agnes Newell, a daughter of Chas. and Nancy Newell, by whom he had 9 children, 4 are living: Eliza J., born Jan. 9, 1858; John H., born Sept. 8, 1860; Armintha, born April 26, 1863; Geo. W., born Jan. 31, ’67 Mr. S. is the owner of 75 acres of valuable land, having disposed of a portion of his property. Politics are Republican generally, rather on the independent order. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

E. H. Smith, farmer and auctioneer. Was born in York Co., Co., Pa., Jan. 14, 1841. His father, an English sailor, was twice married; his first wife was a Boston lady, and they had 4 children; his second marriage was to Miss Anna Mary Havis, by whom he had 4 children. E. H., the eldest of the children, received a liberal education: taught school two years; followed the trade of a butcher. While a resident of Pa., in 1861, he married Miss Elizabeth Keeney, a daughter of Michael Keenery, and they had 9 children, 7 of whom are living,--Wm. H., Mary A., Johanna, Syvilia, Mary J., Eila and Benjamin F. As an auctioneer Mr. S. has had remarkable success. He settled in Woodland tp. 11 years ago, and has been Assessor, etc. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John G. Smith, agriculturist, was born in Coshocton Co., O., June 15, 1822. his father, James Smith, was born in Prince William Co., in the Old Dominion, where he followed farming, and married Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Wm. Dawson, by whom he had 6 children, John, the eldest. In 1839 James Smith, with his family, settled in Kerton township, where he shortly afterward entered 160 acres. Mr. Smith was in the woods one day when a gang of deer were running towards him, and he concealed himself in a brush-heap; the deer came rushing on, and one deer, as he was leaping over the brush-heap, was caught by Mr. Smith, who held and slew the animal without weapons. Mr. James Smith died in 1844, and was buried in Kerton tp., where also the remains of his wife are buried. John was in his 18th year when his parents came to Fulton Co. June 15, 1849, he married Miss Amanda Hughes, a daughter of Taylor Hughes, by whom he has 8 children, James T., Wm. J., Mary S., Ariel E., Zilla, John A., Emma L. and Bertha. Mr. S. is the owner of 136 acres of valuable land in this tp.; has been Constable and School Trustee. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Wm. Springs, farmer, sec. 14; P. O., Astoria; was born in the State of Ohio, October, 1843, 3d child of John and Hannah Springs; grew to manhood in Ohio. Enlisted in Co. C, 67th Ohio Inf., and participated in several engagements, and was seriously wounded before Richmond. In 1868 he settled in Fulton Co., Ill., where, on the 31st of December, 1868, he was united in marriage to Miss Margaret Kelley, a daughter of Wm. Kelley, by whom he has 5 children.  (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Geo. W. Stevens, farmer and stock-raiser, sec. 22; P. O., Summum; was born in Fulton Co. in 1844. His father, James Stevens, was born in Kentucky, where he married Margaret Peck, by whom he had 11 children. George, the 7th child, grew up in this county. In 1870 he went to Oregon, where he became the owner of 160 acres of good land, and where until recently he has been extensively engaged in sheep-raising; he also owns a valuable farm in this tp. in ’79 Mr. Stevens married Miss Ellen Pemleton, a sister of Judge Pemleton, of Rushville. James Stevens died leaving some 300 acres of valuable land, and his family well provided for. Mrs. Stevens survived her husband about two years. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John R. Stevens, agriculturist, was born in Coshocton Co., O., in 1825. His father, Matthew Stevens, was born in Pa., where he followed the occupation of tanner and farmer. Married Mary Beal, by whom he had 9 children. John R., the 7th child, grew up in the Buckeye State, where he received a liberal education. In 1856 Mr. Stevens located in Woodland tp., where he purchased 91 acres of land. During the autumn of ’63 he enlisted in the war, and as honorably discharged at the close, returning to his old home in this tp., where he has since resided. Their children are: Francis M., Jas., John M., Mary, Allen, Wm. R. (deceased), Aaron and Viola J.  (submitted by Danni Hopkins)
 
A. W. Stevenson is engaged in agricultural pursuits upon sec. 14. P. O., Astoria. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Solomon Still, deceased, was born in Ohio in 1831, where he married Maria Holt, who bore him 10 children. She died, and he married Mrs. Eliza J. (Littlejohn), relict of Eli Shields. She was born in this county in 1840. Mr. S. was killed in battle at Kenesaw Mountain. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Aaron Thomas, agriculturist, was born in Ohio, Feb. 22, 1828. His father, James Thomas, was a native of New Jersey; his mother Susannah Thomas, was also born in New Jersey, and had 7 children: 6 of whom are living. Jas. Thomas was 21 years of age when he located in Ohio, where he followed farming until his removal to Fulton Co. in 1850. Aaron married, in Ohio, Miss Martha B. Leonard, a daughter of Aaron and Rhoda Leonard, of Ohio. There were born of this marriage 10 children, 6 of whom are living,--Darwin, Albert P., Mary J., Susan E., Aaron, Jas. E. In Aug., 1862, Mr. Thomas enlisted in Co. G, 85th Ill. Inf. Participated in the noted battle of Perryville; honorably discharged. When the war closed he returned to his old home in Fulton Co., where he has since resided, owning now 160 acres of land.  (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Anthony Thompson, deceased, who settled in Fulton county, in 1843, and who succeeded well in life through well directed and energetic effort, was born in Coshocton county, O., Aug. 13, 1813. His parents, Samuel and Elizabeth Thompson, died during his childhood. On settling in Fulton county he purchased some 600 acres of land in Woodland township. On the fifth of May, 1844, he was united in marriage to Miss Lucy Shields, a daughter of McKenzie Shields, who moved from Harrison county, Indiana, to Fulton county over a half century ago. During the year 1844 Mr. Thompson moved into a log-cabin school-house; this was a novelty in itself built of rough logs. In one corner was a huge fire-place, capable of holding a log 6 feet long. Puncheons served for a floor, etc. For 5 years Mr. T. lived in the old school-house, when he built a hewed-log cabin. Mr. T. prospered rapidly and at his death, which occurred Aug. 5, 1870, he had accumulated a well improved famr of 360 acres. The survivors of this family are Mary, who married Enoch Thompson; Benjamin married Rachel McNeil; Nancy married John W. Hagar, and Sarah, who married Wm. H. Smith, and Jane, who married Harvey Shelly, and Martha, who resides on the old homestead. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

John Thompson, farmer, P. O., Astoria; he was born in Maryland Aug. 26, 1802; his father, Samuel Thompson, was born in New Jersey, from whence he removed to Maryland, where he was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Asher; they had 9 children. John, the eldest son, grew to manhood in Coshocton county, Ohio, where he married Betsy Leviston, by whom he had two children,--Samuel and Wm. Two years after the decease of his first wife, which occurred in 1837, Mr. T. married Nancy Markley, of Ohio, by whom he had one child,--Benjamin. Scarcely had a year gone by when this lady also died, and in 1840 Mr. Thompson married Keziah Herell, by whom he has 9 children. Mr. T. emigrated to Fulton county about 1842. he is now the owner of 124 acres of land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

T. J. Thompson, farmer; P. O., Astoria; was born in Schuyler county, Ill., in 1846; received a good common-school education; his father, Wakeman Thompson, resides in Schuyler county, where he has been a resident for 40 years, living in affluent circumstances; he is a native of Ohio, where he married Elizabeth Hulton. Thomas was the son born of the first marriage. Mr. T. after the decease of his second wife married Mahala McDaniel, in April, 1870. Thomas married Elizabeth Mote, daughter of H. C. Mote, by whom he has 2 children,--Belle and Allie. Mr. Thompson is the owner of 200 acres of land. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Wm. Thompson, agriculturist; was born in McDonough county, Ill., in 1843; while quite small his parents, Wakeman and Elizabeth Thompson, located in Schuyler county, where he received a liberal education from his earliest years. Mr. Thompson has followed farming, trading, displaying the usual Yankee ingenuity and shrewdness; born amid pioneer surroundings, his life has not been marked by any stirring events. While a resident of Schuyler Mr. T. held several offices of local note as Constable and Deputy Sheriff. In 1867 Mr. Thompson was united in marriage, in Fulton county, to Mary Wilson, daughter of Charles Wilson, of Ohio, who died many years ago, leaving 1 child, Corda, born in Fulton county. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

William Salisbury, agriculturist. Thomas Salisbury, the father of William, was among the earliest immigrants here; he was a native of Virginia and a farmer by occupation; married Miss Nancy Dyer, of Kentucky, by whom he had 11 children; of these William was the oldest son; at 16 years of age his parents came to Illinois and settled in Woodland township, where he grew to mature years. In 1842 he married Miss Rebecca Griffith, a daughter of Wm. Griffith, of Coshocton county, O., by whom he had 6 children: 4 are living, —Marion, Elizabeth (deceased), Jackson, Wm. and Edith. Mrs. S. died in 1852, and in 1857 Mr. S. married Rebecca A. Mason, by whom he has 4 children,—Mary, Mason, May and Harry. Mr. S. is the owner of some 300 acres of valuable land. ( page 961, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

Daniel Severns was born in Virginia, moved to Ohio, where he followed farming and married Miss Barbara Buckley, by whom he had 13 children. In 1842 he came to Fulton county, settling in Kerton township, where he died. John, the youngest son living, was born in Ohio in 1837, and has with little exception followed agricultural pursuits through life thus far. In 1861 he married Rebecca Beatty, daughter of Robt. and Fannie B. Four of the 6 children born to them are living. He owns a good farm in Kerton township. (page 961, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

David Shields, deceased, was born in Kentucky, in 1805; in an early day he moved to Indiana, where he followed different vocations, as stone-mason, farmer and cooper; while residing in Indiana he married Eliza Onion, by whom he had 10 children: 6 are living,— Mary, who married Jacob Burgess and resides in this township; Wm. M, who married Catherine Barnes and resides in Ipava; C. R., who married Mary C. Burgess and resides in Pleasant township; Martha, who married John Langston and resides at Summum; Eliza, who married Nelson Horton and resides in Iowa, and A. P. Shields, who married Miss Tamar Azbell, of Fulton county. Three children blessed this union,—Lucius, Leoni and Clifton. Mr. Shields has taught school during the winter season; now devotes his time principally to farming. (page 961, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

Eli Shields, deceased, was born in Fulton Co., Feb. 6th, 1837, where he grew to manhood; on the 12th day of August, 1858, he was united in marriage to Miss Eliza Jane Littlejohn. When the war broke out he enlisted in Co. H, 85th Ill. Vol. Inf., and pro­moted Sergeant; served gallantly during the war and gave up his life in the cause of his country at the battle of Kenesaw Mountain. There were 2 children born of this marriage, Edward and Wm. H. (page 961, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

Jesse V. Shields, farmer, P. O., Astoria; is a native of Harrison Co., Ind., where he was born in 1814; during the autumn of 1828 he accompanied his mother and two brothers to Ill., locating in Schuyler Co.; in 1829 they settled in Woodland tp., where Jesse is now the only survivor of this once numerous family; Feb. 11, '36, Mr. S. was united in marriage with Miss Rebecca Miner, of Indi­ana, by whom he had 13 children, 8 of whom are living; their names are: Mary Ann, Nathan, Emisia,Wm., Eliza, Susan, Ettie and Lucy. Mr. S. owns 160 acres of land in this township. (page 962, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

John A. Shields, farmer; the above-named gentleman comes of a numerous and respected family. Kinsey Shields, the father of our subject, was one of those spirited pioneers whose every-day life was full of interesting and important events. He settled in Fulton Co. during the winter of the deep snow; the following spring he moved upon the property now owned by Martin Horn. He built the usual log-cabin near the house now occupied by John Shelley; here he settled down to the hard work of clearing. He was a kind-hearted man, and this may have had much to do with his non-success as a man of wealth. He was a consistent Christian, and a member of the United Baptist Church. He died in his 72d year, and was laid to rest in the 16th cemetery. Mrs. Shields survived her husband many years, and was laid at rest during the present year. In 1860 John was united in marriage to Miss Jane Smith, by whom he has 2 children,—Eliza and Louis. Mrs. Shields died in 1873. In 1874 Mr. S. united his fortunes to Miss Melvina Rounds. Sarah is their only child. Mr. S. was born in this county in 1833. (page 962, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

Nathan Shields, deceased, was born in East Tennessee, June 8, 1801 ; he was but a child when his parents removed to Harrison Co., Ind., where he grew to the mature years of vigorous manhood; Aug. 6, 1827, he married Polly Onion, by whom he had 4 children,— Sarah, Wm., Jane and Ellen. Having learned the trade of a wheel­wright, Mr. S. for some years followed his calling in Indiana; in 1836 he removed to this county; prior to his emigration his wife had died; shortly after his arrival he purchased a farm of several hun­dred acres in this township; March 5, 1835, he married Mary Kingery, daughter of Tobias Kingery, who came from Germany; 8 children were born of this marriage: 6 are living,—Sally, who resides on the homestead; Henry, who married Miss Tabitha Weldon; Martin, who married Mary Van Meter; Ellis, who married Hannah M. Hughes; John J., who married Ariel Hughes; and Susan, who married Conrad Fitz; Ely, a soldier, was killed during the late war at Kenesaw Mountain; Nancy, deceased, had married Henry Bloomfield, a brother of Gen. Bloomfield, of Bloomington; on Oct. 15, 1866, Mr. Shields died, leaving a valuable estate of over 200 acres. (page 962, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

Emanuel Spangler, farmer, sec.9; P. O. Summum; many of those who have become prosperous in this county are natives of Pa., and among this enterprising class of citizens Emanuel Spangler must not be overlooked. He was born in Adams Co., Pa., in the year 1817.  His father, Daniel Spangler, was also a native of  Pa.  In an early day he moved to Maryland, where he was united in marriage to Miss Eliza Matthias, by whom he had 9 children.  In 1857 Mr. S. moved with his family to Illinois and settled in Pleasant tp., Fulton Co.  While residing here Mrs. S. died July 3, 1866.  Mr. S. was united in marriage by the Rev. Geo. Weber to Mrs. Barbara Horner, by whom he has 3 children. (pages 963-964, Woodland Township section, submitted by Janine Crandell)

Moses Van Sickle, farmer, sec. 6; P. O., Astoria; was born in Venango county Pa. in 1806; his father, Abraham Van Sickle, settled in Pa., in an early day, where he married Miss Mary Jewel, by whom he had 4 children,--John, Moses, Edith and Nellie; he moved to Hamilton county, Ohio, in an early day, where our subject resided up to his 30th year; he married Maria Marshall, and they have 6 children,--Abraham, Mary Ann, J. M., Andrew and Margaret. In 1839 Mr. V. came to Fulton county, horseback, settling in Woodland township, where he bought 200 acres of land. Is in comfortable circumstances. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

George Waggoner, deceased, settled in Fulton county, in 1865; was born in Adams county, Pa., in 1823; followed farming; married Miss Maria Little, daughter of John and Elizabeth Little. When the war broke out George Waggoner enlisted in Co. B, 101st Pa. Veteran Volunteers, served 9 months, was honorably discharged; came to Woodland, where he bought 40 acres; subsequently he purchased the present homestead property, consisting of 120 acres of well improved land; in 1875 he died, leaving his wife and 10 children,--John A., who was a soldier in the late war, Geo. R., also a soldier, Wm. J., Margaret E., Mary C., Henry F., Jane A., Sarah A., Ida J. and Ellen F. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

L. L. Wakefield, physician and surgeon, Summum; was born at Kingsville, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, Sept. 5, 1835; educated at Kingsville Academy; he became employed in 1856 ad clerk in a drug store, having had commenced medical study in 1855; in 1854 he shi8pped before the mast, rapidly gaining a knowledge of nautical life; he arose to the position of 2d mate; in 1859 he entered the office of Dr. Andrew Merriman, remaining during the summer; in autumn he made his way to Illinois, locating in Woodland tp., where he again began his studies with Dr. Harper, of Bath; in 1861 he came to Summum and resumed his studies with Dr. J. H. Breeden; before the close of the year he took up his residence at Bath, Mason Co.; resumed study with that skillful practitioner, Dr. Fullerton; during the spring of 1862 he returned to Summum, entering into partnership with Dr. Breeden, remaining until 1863; the winter of that year and the following he spent at Rush Medical College, Chicago, where his time was profitably employed. After his return from Chicago to Summum he entered upon his life work as a physician. Oct. 16, 1861, he married Dorothea Guest, and they have 3 children. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Lindsay Ward, farmer and blacksmith, was born in N. C. Sept. 25, 1818; his father, Ely Ward, was also born in N. C., where he followed farming and passed the remainder of his days; he married Nancy Hayworth, by whom he had 5 children; the only ones now living in this State besides the subject of this sketch, are Ruhama and Jacob T. Lindsay Ward married in North Carolina Miss Meca Cecil, by whom he had 2 children,--Epirva J. and Mary; in 1846 Mr. W. came to Ill.; in 1863 Mr. W. moved to Astoria tp., the following spring locating in Woodland, where he purchased his present farm of 94 acres; in 1856 he married Priscilla Ludlum , and their children are Hattie C., Ulysses G., Alfred E. and Gertrude. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)

Samuel Weese, agriculturist, is a native of East Tenn., Knox Co., where he was born Feb. 16, ‘14, of Dutch descent. His father John Weese, was born in Virginia. Married Susan Mamuck ; 3 sons and 6 daughters blessed this union, of whom Samuel was the 3rd child. John Weese was a soldier in the was of 1812, serving through the whole campaign. Samuel spent his boyhood in Tennessee. Feb. 18, 1834 he married Rebecca Weese a daughter of John Weese, who was born in England, and whose wife, Susan nee Spencer ,was born in Germany. In 1836 Mr. W. with his family came to Indiana, locating in Parke Co. At the end of 3 years they came to Woodland tp. About 5 years afterward Mr. W. purchased 160 acres of land; is now the owner of 220 acres. (page 967, Woodland Township section, submitted by Carla Hicks)

R. G. Zimmerman, farmer. This gentleman is a native of Knox Co., O., where he was born Feb. 22, 1839. His father, David Zimmerman, was born in Knox Co., where he followed the career of a merchant. While a resident of Ohio he was united in marriage to Miss Rebecca Giffon, by whom he had 9 children: 8 are living,--Robert, the oldest son, was in his 19th year when his parents located in Fulton county. When the war broke out he enlisted in Co. H, 3d Ill. Cav., for 3 years, proceeding to the front as a non-commissioned officer; through meritorious conduct, before the close of the war, he was promoted to the position of a 2d Lieut. In 1863 Mr. Z. was united in marriage to Lucinda Robertson, who died in 1865. In 1870 he was married to Miss Almira Bennett. Louisa, Barton and an infant are their children. (submitted by Danni Hopkins)


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