This beautiful little city is the oldest town in the county, and the first with the possible exception of one, laid out in April, 1822, by Ossian M. Ross, and derives its name from Lewis W. Ross, his son, who was a small boy at the time. Stephen Dewey surveyed the town and erected the first house in the town.
In February, 1823 the county commissioners selected Lewistown to be the county seat of the recently created Fulton County, which at that time included the territory east and west between the Illinois and Mississippi rivers and from a base line near where the city of Rushville in Schuyler county now is to the northern boundary of the state. It included all of the country where Rock Island, Galena, Peoria and Chicago now are.
The first schools were taught in the log courthouse until the Masonic fraternity erected a hewn log school on the former site of the original Presbyterian Church.
Lewistown in its early history had a hat manufacturing establishment until the second owner of that factory committed suicide and the hatter's art died out in Lewistown.
The manufacture of brick undertaken first by John Wolcott, and continued for many years under different owners and operators. There was brick manufacturing going on when Lincoln was in Lewistown in 1858 and for many years thereafter.
In 1841 or 1842 a flour mill was established, and despite several setbacks due to fire in its early history was flourishing at the time of Lincoln's historic visit to the city.
The manufacture of woolen goods was begun early in the town's history under a Mr. Powers, but he was unable to compete with a larger mill erected by Worley & Proctor. This mill burned but was rebuilt in 1865 and continued to manufacture woolen goods for several years thereafter. It was probably functioning at the time of the Lincoln visit.
Newspapers have thrived in Lewistown and at one time near the turn of the century the city boasted of four newspapers all doing business. The Standard House, Lewistown's largest hotel during the middle fifties was opened in 1854 by Capt. Wm. Phelps and was open when Lincoln and Douglas were in Lewistown.
Always a pretty city, Lewistown has retained its charm and friendly atmosphere down through our own time, and against many obstacles she has retained her place as the county seat of Fulton county and with it the tradition of greatness that surrounded Lincoln, Douglas, and Fulton county's own native sons, has been unbroken.
Judge Wm. Kellogg Introduces Lincoln; One Of His Closest Friends
When on August 17th, 1858, Abraham Lincoln, candidate for the United States Senate, mounted the speakers platform which had been erected in front of the massive native Spoon River stone columns on the Fulton County court house, he shared the platform with Judge Wm. Kellogg of Canton, Illinois. It was Judge Kellogg's privilege on that hot summer day to introduce the principal speaker, Abraham Lincoln, and this was no more than right since Kellogg was one of Lincoln's closest personal friends and political advisors ever since the Republican party came about in the state of Illinois.
Judge William Kellogg came to Canton in the early 1840's and there he followed the profession of a lawyer. Later he was elected Circuit Judge and served our judicial district in that capacity. Still later he was to become a member of the legislative branch of our government, first representing Fulton County in the Illinois House of Representatives at Springfield and still later he was to represent our county in the congressional halls of Washington, D.C., serving as United States Congressman from the City of Canton for three consecutive terms. Later he was to leave Fulton County and journey to the Nebraska Territory where he had been appointed Chief Justice of the judicial system in that territory, which was undergoing the throes of heated emotions concerning the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Fulton was not again to be honored with Judge Kellogg's presence because after leaving the Nebraska Territory he journeyed to Peoria, Illinois and served that county as State's Attorney.
History tells us that Judge Kellogg was a powerful orator and after Lincoln's speech of August 17th, 1858, he took the platform and addressed the crowd for approximately two hours and held them in rapt attention.
Judge Kellogg also carved his name in the annals of American history as a result of two other interesting experiences. He received nation-wide fame in some quarters and condemnation in others when he publicly caned Mr. Medill, editor of the Chicago Tribune, at the National Hotel in Washington, D. C. when emotions flared hot over the congressional attitude on the problem of slavery. Still later Judge Kellogg received personal consideration from Abraham Lincoln, by direct correspondence with the commander of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, he ordered and directed that Judge Kellogg's son be reinstated as a cadet in that institution.
Lincoln referred to Kellogg's son as a fine young man and "one who is as close to me as my own sons" and asked as a personal favor that he be re-instated to the academy after having been expelled. This is probably the only time in the history of the United States Military that any cadet has ever been reinstated.
Unfortunately, the history of Judge William Kellogg is scant, but he certainly played a dominant role in the Republican Party of Illinois, in the Congressional halls of the United States of America, and in the personal and political life of Abraham Lincoln.
(The above was written by Cantonite Albert Scott, on the 100th Anniversary of Lincoln's visit to Lewistown)
Lincoln 1858 Speech Was Re-Created!!
The speech given by Wm. D. Horsley at the Lincoln in Lewistown Centennial Celebration, today was re-created by necessity, as Mr. Lincoln very seldom spoke from a prepared text. He used notes, and spoke extemporaneously from them. Part of the speech given today, however, is verbatim from the report of the Chicago Tribune of August 21, 1858. This section is the closing of Mr. Lincoln's talk beginning with the words, "The Declaration of Independence was formed by..." Another section partly re-created and partly from the Tribune report is the one concerning Lincoln's remarks regarding Henry Clay and Douglas's false assertion of being Clay's successor and political ally.
Authentic Lincoln speeches given between August 21, 1858 and notes for speeches were used in re-creating this speech. The collected Works of Abraham Lincoln edited by Roy P. Basler, considered to be the definitive work on the subject of Lincoln's writings and speeches, were used in the main. Quotations from Clay came from the Life and Letter of Hon. Henry Clay, edited by Daniel Mallory, published by authority of Congress in 1853.
Only one of the Debates between Lincoln and Douglas was used to incorporate material into the Lewistown Speech and that was the debate at Ottawa on August 21st, 1858. Material from the Beardstown speech of August 12th, 1858 and the Speeches at Springfield on June 16th and July 17th, 1858 and the speech at Chicago on July 10th, 1858, furnished other excerpts for our re-creation. The Basler work on Lincoln provided some notes for speeches which provided material used in the Lewistown Speech also.
The Centennial Committee is very grateful to the Illinois Historical Library at Springfield and State Historian Clyde C. Walton and Bradley University at Peoria for their invaluable aid in collecting and making available Lincoln material for the committee. (1958).
Lincoln Was In Lewistown Aug. 17th, 1858!
The Day following Douglas' speech in Proctor's Grove in Lewistown, where 5,000 persons are reported to have heard the Little Giant, Lincoln came up from Havana on August 17th, 1858, to address the citizenry.
Lincoln was escorted from Havana by a committee consisting of Major Walker, John Proctor and others. Outside Lewistown he was met by a delegation of some seventy horsemen, wagons, buggies, and other vehicles. It is said that the brass band from Canton took part in escorting Lincoln into town.
At 2:00 o'clock Lincoln was introduced to the audience from the portico of the old courthouse where a platform had been raised between the pillars of the courthouse. Judge Kellogg of Canton introduced Lincoln. Un-reported except for excerpts, Lincoln's speech was given over a period of two and one half hours. His earnestness, simplicity, and eloquence kept his audience, smaller than the one which heard Douglas, in a state of rapt attention. Major Walker, who had not heard Lincoln speak for some twenty-five years, listened with awe and wonder at the power and moving quality of his simple address.
It was here at Lewistown that Lincoln gave the stirring eulogy on the Declaration of Independence, which The London Times reported later, as being of the nations classics.
Following the speech, Lincoln ate dinner at the home of Major Newton Walker, and then went to Canton where he spent the night at the home of Judge William Kellogg. He left the next day to begin debates with Douglas, and neither Lewistown nor Fulton county was to see him again.
The Lincoln Lewistown Speech
Delivered by Abraham Lincoln Between The Pillars Of The Third Fulton County Court House, Lewistown, Illinois -
Back To The Declaration Of Independence
The Declaration of Independence was formed by the representatives of the American liberty from thirteen states of the confederacy-twelve of which were slaveholding communities. We need not discuss the way or the reason of their becoming slave-holding communities. It is sufficient for our purpose that all of them greatly deplored the evil and that they placed a provision in the Constitution which they supposed would gradually remove the disease by cutting off its source. This was the abolition of the slave trade. So general was the conviction - the public determination - to abolish the African slave trade, that the provision which I have referred to as being placed in the Constitution, declared that it should not be abolished prior to the year 1808. A constitutional provision was necessary to prevent the people, through Congress, from putting a stop to the traffic immediately at the close of the war. Now, if slavery had been a good thing, would the Fathers of the Republic have taken a step calculated to diminish its benificent influences among themselves, and snatch the boon wholly from their posterity? These communities, by their representatives in Old Independence Hall, said to the whole world of men: "We hold these truths to be self-evident : that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." This was their majestic interpretation of the economy of the universe. This was their lofty, and wise, and noble understanding of the justice of the Creator to his creatures. (Applause) Yes, gentlemen, to all His creatures, to the whole great family of man. In their enlightened belief, nothing stamped with the divine image and likeness was sent into the world to be trodden on, and degraded, and imbruted by its fellows. They grasped not only the whole race of man then living, but they reached forward and seized upon the farthest posterity. They erected a beacon to guide their children and their children's children, and the countless myriads who should inhabit the earth in other ages. Wise statesmen as they were they knew the tendency of prosperity to breed tyrants, and so they they established these great self-evident truths, that when in the distant future some man, some faction, some interest, should set up a doctrine that none but white men, were entitled to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, their posterity might look up again to the Declaration Of Independence and take courage to renew the battle which their fathers began - so that truth, and justice, and mercy, and all the humane and Christian virtues might not be extinguished from the land; so that no man would hereafter dare to limit and circumscribe the great principles on which the temple of liberty was being built. (Loud Cheers)
Now my countrymen, if you have been taught doctrines conflicting with the great landmarks of the Declaration Of Independence; if you have listened to suggestions that would take away from its grandeur, and mutilate the fair symmetry of its proportions; if you have been inclined to believe that all men are not created equal in those inalienable rights enumerated by our chart of liberty, let me intreat you to come back. Return to the fountain whose waters spring close by the blood of the Revolution. Think nothing of me-take no thought for the political fate of any man whomsoever-but come back to the truths that are in the Declaration of Independence. You may do anything with me you choose, if you will but heed these sacred principles. You may not only defeat me in the Senate, but you may take me and put me to death. While pretending no indifference to earthly honors, I do claim to be actuated in this contest by something higher than an anxiety for office. I charge you to drop every paltry and insignificent thought for any man's success. It is nothing; I am nothing; Judge Douglas is nothing. But do not destroy that immortal emblem of humanity-The Declaration of, American Independence. Thank You.
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