The Twenty-eight, Illinois Infantry was organized at Camp Butler, in the month of August, 1861, by Lieut. Col. Louis H. Waters and Maj. Charles J. Sellon. The regiment was ordered, Aug. 28, to Thebes, Ill.; Sept. 9, to Bird's Point, Mo.; Oct. 2, to Fort Holt, Ky., where it remained until Jan. 31, 1862, in Col. John Cook's brigade.|
Jan. 31, 1862, moved to Paducah, Ky, and was assigned to Col. M. L. Smith's brigade, Gen. Lew. Wallace's Division. Feb. 5, moved up the Tennessee River, and, on the 6th of February, took a part in the capture of Forts Henry and Helman. Feb. 13, a detachment of 48 men and 12 officers, under Col. Johnson, met the enemy (500 strong) at Little Bethel Church, five miles from Fort Henry, and attacked and routed them March 6, having been assigned to Gen. Hurlbut's (Fourth) Division, moved to Pittsburg Landing, which place was reached on the 17th of March. On the morning of the 6th of April, 1862, the regiment was called into line and marched half a mile to the front, where the enemy was driving Gen. Prentiss. It was placed in position on the left of the line, in the peach orchard. The enemy at once attacked, but were repulsed, and the position was held from 8 to 3 o'clock, retiring under orders from Gen. Hurlbut. On the morning of the 7th, it held a position on the right of the line, and was hotly engaged until the battle closed. During the two bloody days of the battle, the regiment was never broken or driven back, though most heavily pressed. The loss in this battle was, in killed and wounded, 239.
The regiment was in the siege of Corinth during the month of May, 1862. Marched to Memphis, via Grand Junction, La Grange, Holly Springs, Moscow, La Fayette, Colliersville and Germantown, reaching Memphis July 21, 1862. Sept. 6, marched to Bolivar, arriving on the 14th. On the 4th of October, marched to Big Muddy; Oct. 5, engaged in the battle of Matamora, on Hatchie River losing 97 killed, wounded and missing. Returned to Bolivar Oct. 7.
Nov. 3, marched from Bolivar; 4th, camped at La Grange; 29th reached Holly Springs; 30th Lumpkin's Mill; Dec. 10, Waterford; Dec. 11 and 12, via Abbeville and Oxford, to Yocona Creek; Dec 21, to Yocona Station; 24th, to Tallahatchie River; 25th, to Waterford; 26th, to Lumpkin's Mill; Dec. 30, were assigned to the duty of guarding railroad from Holly Springs to Waterford, Miss.
Jan. 8, 1863, marched via Holly Springs to Moscow and La Fayette; 14th, returned to Colliersville; 19th, assigned to guard railroad. The regiment, at this time, was in the Third Brigade, Fourth Division, Sixteenth Army Corps.
The regiment was in the siege of Vicksburg from June 11 to the surrender on the 4th of July, 1863, occupying a position on the left of the center, on the Hall's Ferry road. On the 12th of July, near Jackson. Miss, the Twenty-eighth, Forty-first, Fifty-third and Third Iowa Infantry, not exceeding 800 men, were ordered to charge across a level corn-field, 600 yards, and carry a line of the enemy's works, mounting 12 guns, and manned 2,000 strong. The brigade swept forward under a destructive fire of grape, canister and minie bullets, the enemy enveloping both flanks when it reached the ditch. The brigade fell back by compulsion, losing more than half the rank and file in killed and wounded! The eight companies of the Twenty-eighth, numbering 128 men, lost 73 killed and wounded, and 16 in prisoners!
September 1, 1863, the regiments belonging in Third Brigade, Fourth Division, Seventeenth Army Corps, formed a part of the expedition from Natchez to Harrisonburg, on the Wachita River, compelling the enemy to evacuate Fort Beauregard. The regiment remained at Natchez on provost guard duty in the city.
On the 4th of January, 1864, the regiment having re-enlisted as veterans, was mustered in for three years more of service. May 18, returned to Illinois on veteran furlough. May 29, every furloughed man reported at Camp Butler, and the regiment moved back to Natchez, reaching there on the 8th of July.
August 4, three days scout to Black Bayou, losing two men taken prisoners. On the 25th of September, 150 men of the Twenty-eighth marched with an expedition to Sicily Island, La. October 4, went on an expedition to Homachita River, Miss., Col. Osborn, Second U. S. Colored Cavalry, in command, returning on the 8th.
October 10, the regiment was consolidated into four companies; 12th embarked for Morganzia, La., Gen. Lawler commanding, First Brigade, Nineteenth Army Corps. November 3, embarked for mouth of White River, arriving on the 7th, and leaving on the 20th; reached Memphis on the 22d. Here the regiment received 200 recruits, which were organized into two companies, and the regiment assigned to the First Brigade, District of West Tennessee. Maj. Gen. C. C. Washburne commanding the District. December 21, went on expedition to Moscow, reaching there on the 23d, and returned to Memphis on the 31st of December.
January 3, 1865, embarked for Kuneville, La., reaching there on the 6th. February 12, embarked for Mobile Point, La.; encountered a heavy gale on the voyage, and threw overboard 130 mules and horses to save the vessel. Arrived at the mouth of the Mississippi River February 14, and preceded to New Orleans, February 15, moved to Lake Ponchartrain. On the 17th, embarked for Fort Morgan, Mobile Bay; camped at Navy Cove. Assigned to Third Brigade, Third Division, Thirteenth Army Corps, Col. D. P. Greer. Seventeenth Illinois, commanding brigade: Gen. W. P. Benton, commanding divisions; Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger, commanding corps. Arrived at Fish River March 25, and at Spanish Fort on the 27th.
In the advance upon Spanish Fort, on the 27th, the Twenty-eighth occupied the extreme right of the division and corps, Col. Ritter commanding, and Major Rhodes in command of skirmish line. This position was held during the entire siege of fourteen days, losing 14 killed and wounded, including 2 Captains.
April 7, companies G and H joined the regiment from Camp Butler, Illinois. On the 8th, Spanish Fort was evacuated by the enemy. On the 15th, Companies I and K joined the regiment from Camp Butler.
On the 11th of May, moved to within three miles of Mobile, Ala.
On the 3d of June, 1865, reviewed by Chief Justice Chase. July 2, embarked for Brazos Santiago, Texas, arriving on the 6th, and on the 7th, marched to Clarksville. August 2, marched for Brownsville, arriving on the 3d, Lieut. Col. R. G. Morrison, Thirty-fourth Indiana, commanding district.
The number of enlisted men at original organization, 761; recruits, 959; making a total of 1,720 men.
Commissioned officers killed, 9; wounded 19; discharged, 49; dismissed 4; died of disease, 2; transferred, 3.
Enlisted men killed 52; died of wounds, 34; wounded 265; missing in action, 17; killed accidentally, 5; died of disease, 139; discharged, 445; transferred, 18; making a total of 975. Deserters are not given, as they were mostly recruits that never reached the regiments.
Capt. Richard Ritter, Havana, Aug. 2, 1861; prmtd. to Lieut. Col.
Capt. J. R. Walker, Havana, April 21, 1862; m. o. 1864.
First Lieut. J. R. Walker, Havana, Aug. 2, 1861; prmtd.
First Lieut. W. W. Noonan, Havana, April 21, 1862; trans.
Second Lieut. C. Richman, Bath, Aug. 2, 1861; resigned Nov. 1862.
Second Lieut. W. H. Harris, Manito, Nov. 14, 1862; m. o. 1864.
Black, Andrew, Matanzas, e. Aug. 1, 1861; disd. Dec. 3, 1862.
Brecourt, E. N., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861.
Britt, F. P., Mason County, e. Aug. 1, 1861; disd.
Cayad, A., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; re-e.
Carth, John, Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Donovan, C., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Euke, F., Bath, e. Aug. 1, 1861; m. o. Aug. 26, 1864.
Edwards, Joseph, Spring Lake, e. Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Furrer, D., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Ganson, S. H., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861wd. and m. o. Aug. 18, 1864.
Godert, M. S., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Harris, W. H., Manito, e. Aug. 1, 1861; prmtd. to Second Lieut.
Heater, J. G., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; died of wds. in 1862.
Hall, W. C., Manito, e. Aug. 1, 1861; m. o. Aug, 26, 1864.
Keith, Harry, Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; kld. in Tennessee Oct. 8, 1862.
Kabenbring, H., Havana, e. Aug 1, 1861; wd. at Shiloh.
Lullin, kT. J., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as vet.
Lybarger, C., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Lynch, R., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; disd. Nov. 4, 1862, for disability.
Lane, D., Bath, e. Aug. 1, 1861; wd. and disd. Aug. 26, 1864.
Lapham, Geo. D., Havana, e. Aug. 1, 1861; kld. in Tenn. Oct. 5, 1862.
Miller, A., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; disd. Dec. 5, 1861.
Miller, Robert, Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; m. o. Aug 26, 1864.
Miller, W. P., Forest City; died at Natchez July 16, 1864.
McMullen, P., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e.
McMullen, A., Havana, Aug. 1, 1862; re-e. a vet.
Mulford, J. F., June 5, 1861; re-e. a Vet.
McKinney, J., Manito, Aug. 1, 1861.
McComb, S. M., Manito, Aug. 1, 1861; lost a leg at Shiloh.
McIntosh, James, Bath, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
McCourt, Henry, Bath, Aug. 1, 1861; disd. Aug. 16, 1862.
Noonan, W. W., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; prmtd. to First Lieut.
Nash, J. E., Manito, Sept. 27, 1861.
Otto, Joseph, Bath, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Poinsett, J. V., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Price, Isaac P., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; m. o. Aut. 26, 1864.
Price, W. P., Aug. 1, 1861; died in St. Louis April 13, 1862, of wds.
Price, W. A., Bath, Aug. 1, 1861; m. o. Aug. 26, 1864.
Palster, C. F., Bath, Aug. 1, 1862; re-e. as Vet.
Rosebrough, S. A., Mason City, Aug. 1, 1861; kld. at Shiloh April 7, 1862.
Roberts, J. P., Mason City, Aug. 1, 1862; disd. Dec. 25, 1861.
Robinson, A., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; disd. Nov. 9, 1863.
Robinson, Albin, Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; Invalid Corps. Sept. 15, 1863.
Redinger, John, Spring Lake, Aug. 1, 1861; m. o. Aug. 26, 1864.
Ratcliff, M., Bath, Aug. 1, 1861; died in Bath May 26, 1862, of wds.
Reinhart, P., Mason County, Aug. 1, 1861; died in Miss.
Ray, W. J., Mason County, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Smith, Henry, Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; trans. to Co. H.
Sasse, Aug., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; m. o. Aug. 26, 1864.
Sullivan, P., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Sutliff, S., Bath, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Sours, M., Bath, Aug. 1, 1861; wd. at Metamora, Texas.
Stokes, H. L., Mason County, Aug. 1, 1861; m. o. Aug. 26, 1864.
Todd, Thomas, Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Vantossel, Isaac, Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Venord, Robert, Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; disd. Aug. 16, 1862.
Watson, J. J., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Williams, E. N., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; disd. Nov. 22, 1862.
Witaker, R. D., Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Walker, Henry, Havana, Aug. 1, 1861; disd. 1862.
Willman, F., Mason County, Oct. 13, 1861; ild. At Metamora.
Yates, N., Topeka, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Yates, J. C., Topeka, Aug. 1, 1861; re-e. as Vet.
Johnson, A., Walker's Grove, e. March 31, 1864.
Moore, J. M., Havana, e. Jan. 5, 1864.
Yeager, F. H., Mason City, e. Jan. 15, 1864; deserted.