1879 History of Menard & Mason Counties
Chicago
Published by: O.L. Baskin & Co., Historical Publishers
186 Dearborn Street

Mason County

One Hundred And Eighth Infantry
Page 482

The One Hundred and Eighth Infantry was organized at Camp Peoria on the 27th of August, 1862.

October 6, the regiment moved by rail to Covington, Ky., via Logansport, Indianapolis and Cincinnati, arriving at Covington on the 8th.

The regiment drew equipage and transportation, and, on the 17th, marched with the division into the interior of the State, following the retreating enemy through Falmouth, Cynthia, Paris and Lexington to Nicholasville, arriving on the 1st of November, and remaining to the 14th.

The regiment, November 14, marched for Louisville via Versailles, Frankfort and Shelbyville, reaching Louisville on the 19th, and, on the 21st, embarked for Memphis, where it arrived on the 26th, and went into camp near the city.

The regiment remained on duty at Memphis until the 20th of December, when it embarked, under Gen. Sherman, in an expedition against Vicksburg. They proceeded down the river to the mouth of the Yazoo, and up that river to Johnson's Landing, near Chickasaw Bluff, where the regiment encamped on the night of 28th of December. On the morning of the 29th, the division moved upon the enemy, who were found strongly intrenched on the Bluffs running northeast from Vicksburg. Here the one Hundred and Eighth first met the enemy, occupying the extreme right of the Union lines, and resting on the Mississippi River with its right. The skirmishing began on the afternoon of the 29th, and the battle was renewed on the morning of the 30th. The forces in front of the One Hundred and Eighth were forced to retire with a loss of seven killed and four captured prisoners by the regiment.

On the 1st of January, 1863, the One Hundred and Eighth again went to the front, and remained on the skirmish line until midnight, when, at the time the clock in Vicksburg struck the hour of 1, the regiment, in compliance with previous orders, silently withdrew, covering the retreat of the army, and, on the morning of the 24, embarked on transports.

The lines of the armies were so close together that the voices of the opposing foes could be distinctly heard, yet the retreat was so well planned and executed that the enemy knew nothing of it until the fleet went steaming down the Yazoo.

The fleet passed down the Yazoo and up the Mississippi to the mouth of White River, and up that river, through a cut-off, into the Arkansas to Arkansas Post, where, on the 10th of January, the regiment disembarked and participated in the investment of that fort, and, on the following day, bore an active part in that most brilliant and successful engagement, which resulted in the capture of the fort with some five thousand prisoners.

The casualties in the One Hundred and Eighth during this engagement were 13 men wounded. On the 17th of January, the fleet again moved down stream to Young's Point, opposite Vicksburg, where the Twenty-fourth regiment went into camp. The long confinement on the transports in this expedition, the want of pure air and sanitary conveniences, cost the regiment more lives than all other causes during its term of service. One officer, Philo W. Hill, First Lieutenant of Company A, and 134 men, died during the months of February and March. On the 15th of April, the regiment marched with the army across the country via Richmond, Smith's Plantation and along Lake St. Joseph to Hard Times, landing on the Mississippi opposite Grand Gulf; thence along the levee to Brandensburg, arriving there on the 29th of April. The next day the regiment crossed the Mississippi on board the iron-clad gun-boat Lafayette, which had run the batteries of Vicksburg and Grand Gulf. On the morning of May 1, the regiment marched rapidly on to the battlefield of Port Gibson and took its position, fighting and marching all day without eating or resting. After a tedious march, the regiment reached Champion Hills, on the 16th, and again engaged in battle and again drove the enemy from the field. On the 17th, the regiment was assigned to the duty of taking charge of the prisoners, and marching with them to Black River Bridge, where it was joined by the Twenty-Third Iowa, with another lot of prisoners, making in all 4,500. On the 19th, it reached Haines' Bluff, on the Yazoo, and the next day embarked for Young's Point and went into camp, where it had left five months before. On the 25th, the regiment embarked with the prisoners for Memphis, and, delivering them to the command there, returned to Young's Point and there remained on duty until the surrender of Vicksburg.

On the 18th of July, the regiment crossed over into Vicksburg and reported to Gen. McPherson, and, on the 26th, embarked for Memphis, reporting to Gen. Hurlbut on the 29th, and, on the 5th of August, went to La Grange and was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Sixteenth Army Corps. On the 28th of October, the regiment marched to Pocahontas and garrisoned that post until the 9th of November, Col. Turner commanding the post.

On the 9th of November, the regiment moved to Corinth and remained on duty until the place was evacuated on the 28th of January, 1864, when it proceeded to Memphis.

On the 2d of June, 130 men of the regiment went with Gen. Sturgis' command in pursuit of Gen. Forrest and overtook his forces and had an engagement on the 10th of June.

On the 21st of August, 1864, when Forrest made his famous raid into Memphis, the One Hundred and Eighth did good service in compelling him to make a hasty retreat.

On the 28th of February, 1865, the regiment left Memphis for New Orleans, where it joined the Sixteenth Army Corps, in command of Gen. A. J. Smith, and was assigned to the Third Brigade, Col. Turner in Command.

On the 12th of March, the regiment embarked on board the ocean steamer Guiding Star for Fort Gaines, on Dauphine Island, which point was reached on the 16th. On the 21st of March, the regiment embarked and proceeded up Mobile Bay and Fish River to Douly's Mills, about twenty-five miles from its mouth. On the 25th it marched with the corps in the direction of Mobile, and, on the 27th, the enemy was met and driven within his works at Spanish Fort. Heavy fighting continued all day and in the night siege work began and continued night and day under a constant fire from sharp-shooters stationed behind the enemy's works. The One Hundred and Eighth occupied the dangerous point at the extreme right of the Union lines, where it was supposed the enemy would attempt to turn this flank. The siege of this stronghold lasted thirteen days and was brought to a close on the 8th of April, when the Third Brigade, to which this regiment belonged, charged the enemy's works from the works which this regiment had constructed and pushed two hundred yards nearer the enemy than any other point on the line. The casualties of the One Hundred and Eighth during the siege and assault were one officer, Capt. W. W. Bullock, severely wounded, three men killed and ten wounded.

On the 9th of April, the regiment marched with the Sixteenth Corps to Montgomery, Ala., which place was reached on the 25th. Here it remained until the 18th of July on provost duty, Col Turner in command of the brigade and also of the post.

On the 18th of July, the regiment embarked on boat for Selma, thence by rail to Jackson, Miss., via Demopolis, and Meridian, and from thence by rail to Vicksburg, on its way to the homes from which the men had been absent for three long years of bloody war.

On the 5th of August, 1865, the muster-out rolls were signed and the regiment embarked for Cairo, and from there proceeded by rail to Chicago, where it was paid off and discharged from service on the 11th day of August, 1865.

Company A

Musician Jas. Silbee, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.

Company C

Morganstarn, L., Spring Lake, e. Sept. 20, 1864; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
McFadden, Wm., Spring Lake, e. Sept. 20, 1864; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Ross, John, Spring Lake, e. Sept. 20, 1864; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.

Company D

Lombard, Augustus, Spring Lake, Sept. 23, 1864; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Woods, James, Spring Lake, Sept. 20, 1864; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.

Company F

Capt. Isaac Sarf, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; resd. April 6, 1863.
Capt. John H. Schulte, Bath, April 6, 1863; resd. Feb. 16, 1865.
First Lieut. James Tippett, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; resd. Feb. 16, 1863.
First Lieut. John H. Schulte, Bath, Feb. 21, 1863; prmtd.
Second Lieut. John H. Schulte, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; prmtd.
First Sergt. John Eveland, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; trans. to Inv. Corps. Beb. 15, 1863.
Sergt. Charles Lippett, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; disd. April 17, 1863.
Sergt. S. T. Northcroft, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Sept. 20, 1862.
Corp. George W. Patterson, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Sept. 20, 1862.
Corp. W. P. Markland, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865, as Sergt.
Corp. Robert Moore, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; died Feb. 23, 1863, at Young's Point.
Corp. Richard Bradshaw, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865, as Sergt.
Corp. Wm. E. Sarff, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; disd. April 7, 1863.
Corp. James Butler, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; disd. April 1, 1863.
Corp. Benjamin Dodson, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. July 28, 1865, as Sergt.
Corp. Hezekiah Lynch, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Oct. 5, 1862.
Musician Gustave Juzi, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; disd. Oct. 27, 1862, at Covington.
Musician Thos. D. Gatton, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Sept. 22, 1862.
Wagoner Thomas Porter, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Arndt, Peter, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Adkins, Isaac N., Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; died Dec. 13, 1862, at Memphis.
Brandt, Peter, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; died Jan. 19, 1863.
Butler, Richard, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; died March 4, 1864, at Memphis.
Boyd, M. W., Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; trans. to Co. H.
Breeden, J. P., Bath. Aug. 28, 1862; died Feb. 5, 1863,at St. Louis.
Camp, Mead, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; disd. March 6, 1863.
Case, Calvin, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted May 5, 1863.
Deer, C. E., Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Dew, Wiley, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; died May 11, 1863.
Estes, James, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; died Feb. 3, 1863, at Young's Point.
Frank, Matthew, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Fuse, Joseph, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Sept. 25, 1862.
Gobble, George, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; died Oct. 10, 1862, at La Grange, Tenn.
Griffin, William, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Jan. 26, 1863.
Hamilton, Thomas, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; died Feb. 23, 1863, at Young's Point.
Huffman, William, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Jan. 20, 1863.
Harsher, John, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865, as Corp.
Harsher, Andrew, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; Corp.; absent sick at m. o.
Haid, Louis, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865, as prisoner of war.
Halliday, M. J., Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Oct. 9, 1862.
Johnson, Edward, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Oct. 29, 1862.
Knight, F. S., Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; died May 4, 1864, at Ford, Tex.
Kerchean, H., Havana, Aug. 28, 1862; died Jan. 25, 1863, at Young's Point.
Lane, Samuel C., Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865, as Sergt.
Madison, Abner, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; absent sick at m. o.
Mahan, Hassan, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; died Feb. 1, 1863.
Neiderer, Arnold, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Perry, James H., Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; died March 12, 1864, at St. Louis.
Pierson, Isaac, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; absent sick at m. o.
Ray, Rolla, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Aug. 28, 1862.
Redman, Elias, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; died Feb. 6, 1863, at Young's Point.
Rempeon, Bruno, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1863; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Rochester, S. S., Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; didn't go with the boys.
Smith, Romane, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; died Jan. 19, 1863.
Sarff, Abner, Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Shafer, Isaac, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted May 5, 1863.
Smith, Henry, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted May 5, 1863.
Sarff, John Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; absent sick at m. o.
Tayor, Alex., Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Vanblaricum, D., Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; died Feb. 13, 1863, at Young's Point.
Warren, Wright, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; absent sick at m. o.
Wood, Wm., Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted May 5, 1863.
Wright, Wm., Lynchburg, Aug. 28, 1862; died Feb. 15, 1863, at Young's Point.

RECRUITS

Gaston, Chas., Spring Lake, Sept. 27, 1864; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.

Company H

Capt. Wm. M. Duffey, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
First Lieut. Isaac C. Brown, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; resigned Dec. 11, 1863.
Second Lieut. Wm. W. Nelson, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; resd. March 1, 1863.
First Sergt. Samuel Biggs, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; disd.
Sergt. William Little, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865, as First Sergt.
Sergt. Edwin Smith, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865, as First Sergt.
Sergt. Rufus B. Somers, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; disd. March 14, 1863, as private.
Corp. A. P. Houston, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; disd. Aug. 16, 1863.
Corp. O. A. Robinson, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; died Feb. 1, 1863.
Corp. Edwin Dillon, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; absent sick at m. o.
Corp. E. C. Kidder, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Corp. John Orm, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; died Feb. 20, 1863, at Young's Point.
Musician J. A. Nelson, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; disd. March 25, 1863.
Musician John Radcliff, Bath, Aug. 28, 1862; disd. March 24, 1863.
Wagoner Jas. D. Hite, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Black, Clinton, Crane Creek, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Aug. 29, 1862.
Boyer, David, San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Aug. 29, 1862.
Boyer, Em., San Jose, Aug. 28, 1862; deserted Aug. 29, 1862.
Brown, Jacob, San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; disd. Nov. 16.
Boyd, Morris W., Bath, Aug. 12, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Buchanan, J. H. H., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; died Feb. 6, 1863, at Young's Point.
Cook, Wm. P., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; died Feb. 18, 1865, at Young's Point.
Comesford, M., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; prmtd. to Lieut.
Dorrance, J. G., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; deserted Sept. 1862.
Davis, John B., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; died Jan. 13, 1863, at Arkansas Post.
Elmore, Redding, Crane Creek, Aug. 12, 1862; deserted Feb.13, 1863.
Frey, Ulrich, San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; deserted Oct. 15, 1863.
Ford, John, San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Garran, G. W., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; died Feb. 13, 1863, at Young's Point.
Gardner, Leonard, Prairie Creek, Aug. 12, 1862; deserted in Sept., 1862.
Hutchinson, Sam, San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; trans. to Inv. Corps Jan. 15, 1864.
Hillman, J. C., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; died Jan. 31, 1863.
Jones, John C., Bath, Aug. 12, 1862; deserted Jan. 19, 1863.
Kidder, Z. B., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; disd. Sept. 23, 1863.
Keiting, Pat., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Lahey, Nicholas, San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Lucas, Alfred, Bath, Aug. 12, 1862; died Jan. 26, 1864.
Moore, John, Jr., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; deserted Oct. 6, 1863.
Moore, John, Sr., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; died July 13, 1863.
Martin, J. A., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; died July 29, 1863, at St. Louis.
McCarty, Michael, San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; deserted Dec. 18, 1862.
McNaughton, Geo., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
McGhee, F. J., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; disd. for disability Aug. 28, 1862.
Orm, R. M., Prairie Creek, Aug. 12, 1862; disd. July 24, 1863.
Pounds, Thomas, Bath, Aug. 12, 1862; deserted Oct. 22, 1862.
Setters, J. W., Crane Creek, Aug. 12, 1862; disd. March 7, 1862.
Soilbee, James, Bath, Aug. 12, 1862; prmtd. Principal Musician.
Totten, Daniel, San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Tyler, C. W., San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; disd. for disability May 17, 1865.
Yontz, Abraham, San Jose, Aug. 12, 1862; died Jan. 29, 1863.

RECRUITS

Anno, A. N., Spring Lake, Sept. 27, 1864; m. o. Aug. 5, 1865.
Campbell, M. A., Spring Lake, Sept. 27, 1864; m. o. July 1, 1865.
Charles, John, Spring Lake, Sept. 24, 1864.

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