The second born to John Buford and Nancy Hickman Buford was a son named:
(1-b) Napoleon Bonaparte BUFORD (John7, Simeon Sr.6, John5 BEAUFORD,
Thomas Jr.4, Thomas Sr3, John2, Richard1, JohnA) was born January 13,
1807 in Kentucky, and died March 28, 1883 in Chicago, Illinois. He married
(1) Sarah Ann CHILDS Abt. 1831. She was born Abt. 1812 in
Casanova, New York, and died at Rock Island, Illinois on November 12,
1858 at the age of 46.

He married (2) Mary Ann GREENWOOD Pierce.
She was born at Bath, Maine in 1815. She
traveled with him to Colorado when he went there to check on the gold
mines as I have many letters written by her to different members of her
family. I found the following obituary dated Friday, January 2, 1903:
“Mrs. Mary Ann Greenwood Buford, widow of the late Gen. Napoleon Bonaparte Buford,
died yesterday morning at the residence of her niece, Mrs. William T. Egan, 15 Linden
Place, Chicago. Mrs. Buford was 88 years of age. She survived her husband 19 years.
She was born at Bath Maine, but had lived in Illinois since 1859, first at Rock Island
and later in Chicago.
Gen. Buford, whom she married before the Civil War, was born in Kentucky and was a
member of the illustrious Buford family which distinguished itself during the war, both
in the federal and confederate armies. Gen. Napoleon Buford was a graduate of West
Point but resigned his commission in 1835 and founded a bank and a plow industry,
the later now the Rock Island Plow Company, in this city. In 1857 he became president
of the Rock Island & Peoria railroad.
He distinguished himself in the civil war in many battles, especially at the siege of
Vicksburg and siege of Corinth. He was brevetted major general of volunteers in March,
1865. His half brother John Buford, opened the battle of Gettysburg and the United
States cruiser Buford is named after him. Mrs. Buford had lived in Chicago since the
death of the general in 1883. The funeral will be held at the Egan residence tomorrow
afternoon at 2 o’clock. Interment will be at Rock Island.


The Argus Newspaper of Rock Island dated April 10, 1903 had this short notice of burial.
I haven’t a clue why it took almost 2 1⁄2 months to bury this poor woman. It reads:
485
The remains of the late Mrs. Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, who died at her home in
Chicago nearly 2 months ago arrived in this city for interment yesterday afternoon
accompanied by a number of relatives. Burial was at once made at Chippiannock
Cemetery, services at the grave being conducted by Rev. R M. Laurenson, curate at
Trinity Episcopal church. The pallbearers were C. F. Lynde, H. E. Curtis, E. H. Guyer, B.
D. Connelly, C. R. Chamberlin and Adair Pleasants.


There is a Nancy Ann Greenwood also buried at the Chippiannock Cemetery. Not real
sure who this woman is but I am guessing she is Mary Ann Greenwood’s Mom. She died
at Rock Island, Illinois on the 21st of April, 1867 at the age of 87. She was probably a
‘widow’ and living with her daughter and Napoleon Bonaparte Buford.
I found Napoleon and Mary Ann in the 1880 Census for Chicago, Cook County, Illinois.
Napoleon is 73 years old and Mary Ann is 65 years old. Living with them is Mary Ann’s
cousin Lilly Biers or Beers, not really sure of the spelling, aged 37 and two female servants,
Nellie and Mary Brady aged 18 and 20.


Notes for Napoleon Bonaparte BUFORD:
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford was a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West
Point, July 1, 1823 and graduated in 1827; brevet second lieutenant, and second lieutenant,
July 2, 1827; studied law at Harvard by permission of the War Department; was
assistant professor of natural and experimental philosophy at the US Military Academy
at West Point, 1834-1835; resigned, 1835; resident engineer of the Licking River,
Kentucky, Improving Company; iron and banking in Peoria, Illinois, l857; president of
the Rock Island and Peoria Railroad; colonel twenty-seventh Illinois infantry, August 10,
1861; battle of Belmont, Kentucky, November 7, 1861; brigadier-general of volunteers,
April 10, 1862; in command at Columbus, Kentucky, and Island No. 10, 1862; expedition
to Fort Billow, 1862; Major-General of volunteers, November 29 1862 to March 4,
1863; battle of Corinth, 1862; Vicksburg, 1863; command of Cairo, March to
September, 1863, Command Helena, Arkansas, September, 1863, to March 1865;
brevet Major-general volunteers, March 13, 1865 for gallant and meritorious conduct
during the war; mustered out of service August 24, 1865; government inspector of
Union Pacific Railroad, 1867-1869; commissioner of Indian Affairs 1868.

Information submitted by:

Fern K. Buford Walker
www.bufordfamilies.com